How to keep cows happy

Brazilian study shows how small changes on farms can lower stress levels of cattle   Story Source: Materials provided by Springer. Corrals are used on livestock farms around the world to round up the animals when they need to be weighed or vaccinated. New research now shows that removing splashes of colors, shadows or water puddles from corrals, keeping noise levels down and not using dogs and electric prods can dramatically reduce the stress cattle experience. Maria Lúcia Pereira Lima of the Instituto de Zootecnia Sertãozinho in Brazil is the…

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HOW TO IMPROVE FERTILE EGG SURVIVAL RATE

HOW TO IMPROVE FERTILE EGG SURVIVAL RATE

Fertilization marks the beginning of a new life but is by no means a guarantee of a long one, as the journey is full of obstacles. Stress, genetic factors, diseases or nutritional deficiencies may all kill the embryo before the egg is laid. The newly laid egg is then exposed to another set of risks: the conditions under which it cools down from the hen’s body temperature to the ambient conditions in the nest, the time this takes, mechanical factors, chemicals, infections and even disinfection are all hurdles to overcome.…

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The Few Deadly Mistakes of Farmers

The Few Deadly Mistakes of Farmers

Farming generally as a business is definitely not an easy one, am certain every practical farmer can testify to that fact. Sometimes, little mistakes can make you loose your entire farm even within few hours of occurrence whether on crops or animals production. Meanwhile, thou farming without a doubt is a little bit difficult to achieve especially if you don’t have the adequate experience required for successful operation in your field as a farmer, there have also been countless of success stories recorded by farmers who get farming right. Therefore…

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Where a leaf lands and lies influences carbon levels in soil for years to come

Detailed shot of a soil horizon studied to examine litter decay. Credit: Image courtesy of John Bryan Curtis In one of the few such studies, scientists examined how dead leaves, roots, and other plant litter decay over a decade. The team used stable isotope labels to trace plant litter-derived carbon and nitrogen as the litter decomposed and formed soil, specifically the fraction of soil called organic matter, which comes from plant inputs and microscopic animals. They found that the litter type (needles or roots) and the placement in the soil…

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Discovery of 8,000-year-old wine production in ancient Middle East

Archaeologists find earliest evidence of wine-making This is base of Neolithic jar being prepared for sampling for residue analysis. Credit: Judyta Olszewski Excavations in the Republic of Georgia by the Gadachrili Gora Regional Archaeological Project Expedition (GRAPE), a joint undertaking between the University of Toronto (U of T) and the Georgian National Museum, have uncovered evidence of the earliest wine making anywhere in the world. The discovery dates the origin of the practice to the Neolithic period around 6000 BC, pushing it back 600-1,000 years from the previously accepted date.…

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