6 Amazing Health Benefits of Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a culinary plant from the Lamiaceae family of mints, it is also referred to as Saint Joseph’s Wort. Basil leaves are native to tropical Asia and the Middle East, and they are often utilized in Italian, Thai, Vietnamese, Mediterranean, and Indonesian food.

One of the healthiest herbs, it has a wealth of health advantages because of its flavonoid and essential oil content. The names Royal Herb and King of Herbs refer to basil, which is derived from the Greek word “Basilikohn,” which means “royal.” It has been discovered that there are more than 60 different types of basil leaves, each with a slightly different flavor and aroma.

This herb has been shown to contain compounds that lower circulating blood glucose levels and inflammation, making it preventative against the development of diabetes and other types of metabolic syndrome.

The capacity to lower triglyceride and cholesterol levels, which diabetes individuals are more likely to have, is another advantage of basil essential oil.

Holy basil leaves significantly improved blood glucose control and very slightly improved cholesterol levels in human subjects in double-blind clinical trials that looked at the effects on blood glucose and serum cholesterol levels.

Basil is a herb that is usually annual but can also be perennial. Plants can grow up to 150 cm in height, depending on the variety (1 and 5 ft).

Depending on the cultivar, its leaves can be a wide range of sizes and forms in addition to being vividly green and ovate. The dimensions of a leaf are between 1 and 6 cm wide and 3 to 11 cm long. Basil develops a substantial core taproot.

A central inflorescence, or spike, which arises from the plant’s stem’s center, bears tiny, white flowers.

Basil or Ocimum basilicum plants first appeared as perennial wild plants on some Pacific Islands thousands of years ago. In the 16th century, they were transported from India to Europe via the Middle East. The herb arrived in the Americas sometime in the 17th century.

It has ties to superstition and the scorpion in traditional European culture.

Read Also: Basil Plant (Ocimum Basilicum): Nutrition, Health Benefits and More

6 Amazing Health Benefits of Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

6 Health Benefits of Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

The following are the six (6) amazing health benefits of Basil (Ocimum basilicum);

1. Contains Antioxidants

Antioxidants and oils found in this herb have the power to defend DNA and cells from free radical damage. This plant has flavonoid antioxidants such as orientin and vicenary that support the protection of DNA-containing cellular structures and white blood cells involved in the immunological function.

According to studies, this spice’s phenolic acids and at least 18 different types of flavonoids, which are antioxidants, prevent chromosome changes that could lead to cell mutations and the development of malignant cells.

The impacts of pollutants in the diet, pollution from the environment, and radiation cause oxidative stress inside the body; however, antioxidants like those contained in basil help fight oxidation and slow the consequences of aging.

2. Fights Cancer

Basil includes phytochemicals, which can help naturally prevent cancer, including chemically generated skin, liver, oral, and lung cancers, according to clinical trials published in Nutrition and Cancer.

This herb’s constituents appear to be able to boost antioxidant activity, modify gene expression in a beneficial way, induce malignant-cell apoptosis (the death of dangerous cells), and inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors.

Basil extract has demonstrated anti-cancer and anti-mortality properties in animal experiments, and it has also been found to protect normal tissue and cells from the side effects of cancer treatments like radiation and chemotherapy.

This implies that using basil extract as a complementary cancer treatment can be helpful even when a patient is already receiving conventional kinds of treatment.

Read Also: Basil (Ocimum Basilicum) – Importance and Health Benefits

3. Contains Antibacterial Properties

Protection against dangerous bacterial development is another advantage of basil essential oil. Even resistant bacterial strains that don’t react to antibiotic treatments have been proven in experiments to be inhibited by basil extract.

One study’s results revealed that basil oil was effective in acting against the bacteria strains and helping to inhibit their growth when it was tested for its antibacterial activity against strains of E. coli and other potent bacteria that were gathered from ill patients with infections.

This has prompted experts to keep exploring how its antibacterial oils can aid in the treatment of diseases and infections that are resistant to antibiotics.

4. Combats Stress

According to studies, basil has a significant potential to function as a natural adaptogen—an herbal medication that aids in the body’s ability to cope with stress and normalize its negative effects.

For instance, when scientists investigated the anti-stress properties of fresh basil leaves administered to rabbits exposed to a high-stress environment, they discovered a considerable decrease in the levels of oxidative stress after its use.

The rabbit’s cardiovascular and respiratory systems were protected against stress after receiving two grams of fresh basil leaves daily for 30 days. Additionally, a large drop in blood sugar levels and a considerable rise in antioxidant activity were seen.

5. Promotes Cardiovascular Health

Basil is a food that has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can help blood vessel control muscles contract and relax, resulting in good blood pressure.

It appears to be able to aid in preventing harmful platelet aggregation, the grouping of blood platelets that can result in a clot in the arteries and induce cardiac arrest.

By preventing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, proteins that are produced from cell to cell to communicate and strengthen the body’s immunological systems may help lessen inflammation that can lead to cardiovascular disease.

Long-term exposure to this causes the body to go through an “inflammatory cascade,” which strains the organs and inhibits blood flow, hormone balance, and mental function.

6. For Diabetes

This herb has been shown to contain compounds that lower circulating blood glucose levels and inflammation, making it preventative against the development of diabetes and other types of metabolic syndrome.

The capacity to lower triglyceride and cholesterol levels, which diabetes individuals are more likely to have, is another advantage of basil essential oil.

Holy basil leaves significantly improved blood glucose control and very slightly improved cholesterol levels in human subjects in double-blind clinical trials that looked at the effects on blood glucose and serum cholesterol levels.

Read Also: 7 Health Benefits of Berberine (Berberine hydrochloride)

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Benadine Nonye

An Agric. Consultant & a Writer (With over 12 years of professional experience in the agricultural industry) - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education... Visit My Websites On: Agric4profits.com - It's All About Agriculture, The Way Forward! Agric4profit.com - The Most Reliable Global Agricultural Forum! Agric4profit.com.ng - The Most Reliable Nigeria's Agricultural Job Board! TheAgriPedia.com - For Everything Premium Agriculture! WealthinWastes.com - For Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices. Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4ProfitsTV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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