7 Natural Medications in Poultry Rearing (Ethno-Veterinary Methods)
Misuse of antibiotics among poultry farmers is rampant and this is dangerous to both animals and human beings. Misuse of antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistance. The remains of antibiotics are left in animal products like eggs, poultry meat and milk.
Now fasten your seat belt and travel with me to the school of poultry studies. We normally use food and spices in our day to day lives but have we ever known that these foods are cure to ailments in your poultry flock?
Food and spices like: ginger, pepper, salt, garlic, aloe vera and sour milk are just among the food and spices that are medicinal in nature. Farmers practicing organic farming will understand this better.
These natural medicines should be used alongside conventional drugs and vaccines but try as much as possible to include bio-security measures to fight off diseases.This medications only apply to small holder farmers. Farmers with 1-100 birds.
You wonder why some communities like them especially Indians?Pepper has been known to improve metabolism but in poultry it is useful as it aids killing parasites that cause digestive problems e.g coccidiosis and also kills worms by burning them. Sprinkle ½ teaspoon in chicken feed or feed to them free choice.
This particular spice alongside onions helps the birds in boosting immunity and also fights respiratory problems in poultry. Garlic will also kill external parasites as it produces sulphur in the body.
The sulphur in the chicken’s blood will overpower the parasites. Add 3 cloves to 5 litres of water or a pinch or two of powdered garlic in dry feeds everyday.
Ginger in chicken will boost appetite,helps in digestive problems and is also an immune booster. Ginger has anti inflammatory and antiviral properties.
Just add a small pinch of ginger powder to the feed or feed it whole or grind it.
4) Aloe vera
Aloe vera juice acts as an appetizer and also in treating wounds. Squeeze a few drops of aloe vera juice into the wound. It’s a natural antibiotic and It assists in curing victims of cannibalism.
Apply it in the wounds of cannibalized birds and the bitter taste will deter the culprits.
Read Also: Ten Commandments of Poultry Health
5) Fermented / Sour milk
Sour milk act as a probiotic and kills harmful bacteria in the intestines therefore ensuring an improved immunity. As a result of this diarrhoea is prevented. Add it to feeds to form lumps but do not drench. It can also be fed free of choice.
6) Papaya / Pawpaw seeds
Pawpaw seeds act as a good dewormer and also prevents coccidiosis infection.The seeds are used for this.
Dry the seeds for two weeks and grind them.Mix 10gms of the powder in 10litres of water.
7) Pumpkin / Cucumber / Courgette seeds
These seed when ground can be mixed in water to control worms. If you know of any other medicinal plant or spices please feel free to add in the comment section.
When using all these make sure you use conventional drugs too but in a controlled manner. Avoid misuse of antibiotics and always vaccinate your birds.
My dream is to see farmers all over Africa succeed in their ventures and possibly invite me for a plate of chicken and eggs….. Smiles!
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