Coccidiosis in Poultry: Signs, Drugs and Treatment

Best Ways to Prevent and Control Coccidiosis among Poultry Birds

Coccidiosis is a major problem of birds that are being raised on a deep litter system of poultry farming therefore how often you treat against coccidiosis depends on your litter management and your medication type. Farmers who use Livercox or immucox vaccine against coccidiosis will not need repeated treatment while those who do not will have to treat each time they notice signs of coccidiosis on their birds. The signs of coccidiosis that will be observed include: loss of appetite, brownish faeces which may most times be blood-stained, there could…

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Worm infestation in Poultry: Signs and Treatment

Worm infestation in Poultry: Signs and Treatment

Often times poultry farmers ask how they would know if their birds are suffering from worm infestation, well the signs that will show you if your birds are suffering from worm infestation include loss of weight, their faeces may turn brown, may be blood-stained or live worms may be seen in their faeces. As for how often to de-worm your birds, it is recommended that you de-worm them first at 8 weeks, then subsequently you de-worm them once in every 2-3 months depending on your management system. Regarding the right…

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The Diseases Poultry Birds can get from Feeds

Broiler poultry feeds formulation

The diseases that poultry birds can get through feeds are uncountable. This is the main reason why you must ensure good quality of feeds before they are given to the birds. as earlier said, feed testing will go a long way in ascertaining the quality of the feed. And you can also know if some set of birds in your poultry house are being denied of feed through close observation of the birds when they are being fed. Note those that are not rushing for food also they are likely…

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CAUSES OF DISEASES IN FARM ANIMALS AND HOW TO PREVENT DISEASE OUTBREAK

FARM ANIMALS

There are many causes of disease in farm animals. The knowledge of what causes disease, and of how animals can get a disease, helps us to know how to prevent disease and to treat sick animals. 1. Parasites on Farm Animals Parasites are organisms that have to live on or in other organisms, such as animals, in order to survive. Most parasites are easy to see, although some mites and the early stages of worms can only be seen under a microscope. There are two major types of parasites; the…

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Cutworms: How to Identify and Get Rid of Cutworms

Cutworms

Cutworms is the name used for the larvae of a number of species of adult moths. Eggs that hatch in the fall can produce larvae capable of overwintering in the soil or a woodpile. They do the most damage early in the gardening season, when they emerge from hibernation. Cutworms are caterpillars, but they are often mistaken for the grubs of beetles such as Japanese beetles (which are damaging in their own right). How to Identify Cutworms They are common on a wide variety of vegetables and any fresh seedlings.…

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Pulpy Kidney Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

Pulpy Kidney Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

This disease is caused by bacteria that often exist within the sheep’s intestine but only cause disease symptoms under certain circumstances such as a change of grazing, exhaustion, sudden dietary changes and dosing with dewormers. The bacteria in the intestine produce a toxin (poison) which results in death. It’s symptoms vary as sometimes the goats are found dead while at other times, they either: (1) appear exhausted, show paralysis and a loss of consciousness and may have labored breathing, salivation and diarrhoea or (2) have nervous symptoms with convulsions, accompanied…

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Tetanus Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

Tetanus Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

Tetanus is a disease that causes stiffness that leads to paralysis and then death. This fatal disease occurs as a result of a wound becoming infected by bacteria commonly found in soil and faeces. Therefore, animals are at high risk when using the elastic band method of castration as this makes a wound. The disease is preventable by using the appropriate vaccine at the right time or as recommended by an expert. Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment Some of the basic signs and symptoms may include but not limited to the…

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Leafhopper or Jassid – Symptoms and Damage Prevention

This is an insect that affects crops like Egg plant and Okro. It is a very vivacious little green insect which jumps and sucks the sap by biting the under side of leaves. Insect can attack both at larval and mature stage while the young plants are more sensitive. Adult leafhoppers are (2 to 3 mm long) and thin. The wings are held roof like over the abdomen. They are pale green to yellowish green in color, shiny and more or less transparent. The legs are slender with bristles. The…

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Cercospora Leaf Spot – Symptoms and Damage Prevention

Family: Mycosphaerellaceae This is a fungus disease that affects crops like eggplant, hot pepper, sweet pepper, carrots, okro, Sugar beet, beet root, roses, shrubs.This fungus symptoms can occur primarily on foliage, petiole and stem lesions develop when conditions are highly favorable. It can be stored in crop residues and spread by wind, insects , water etc. Life Cycle Cercospora leaf spot can be caused by many different Cercospora fungal pathogen species depending on the plant type infected. For example, Cercospora beticola infects sugar beets whereas Cercospora rosicola infects rose plants.…

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Leaf Miner – It’s Symptoms and Damage Prevention

Leaf Miner (Liriomyza spp) affects all species of crops. It is a black and yellow fly, it lays eggs in the leaves. Maggots later emerge from the eggs and dig mines on the leaf surface. Larvae fall out to change into pupa from which will get out and transform into adult and all these leads to plant loss if the pest attacks at an early stage of the crop. Symptoms and Damage It develops the presence of white marks on the leaf surface. Damage Prevention Install insect-proof nets to protect…

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