Controlling high mat on Plantain

After production of several ratoon crops, the upper surface of corms in aging plantain fields can be seen above soil level. The exposure of the corms, which is called high mat, is believed to have several causes. The nature of ratooning in plantains seems to be particularly important. High mat exposes the roots which dry out. The plants become weak and tip over easily because they are no longer firmly based in the soil. Earthing up (adding soil around the plant) does not help much. However, mulch protects the roots which would otherwise dry out and improves the ‘ ramification and stability of the plants.

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