There are some basic factorsthat needs to be considered when selecting a desirable site for your snail farmin order to avoid related issues in the nearest future.
Some of those important basicfactors to be considered include but not limited to the following:
Snails are generally very usedto escaping from enclosures. A priority in setting up a productive snailfarming venture, therefore, is to construct escape-proof housing. There areseveral types of snail housing to choose from depending on the size of theventure and the first step however is to select an appropriate site.
Themain factors to consider in site selection are the following:
- Wind speed and direction
- Soil characteristics
- Safety: which include Protecting the snails fromdiseases, Predators and Poachers
Optimal site selection helpsto prevent or at least reduce dormancy among snails while some of the factors thatinfluence snail survival and growth include the following:
2. Temperature and Humidity
Snails are cold-blooded, theythrive best in areas with moderate temperatures and high humidity. In WestAfrica, temperatures in the areas where most edible species are found do notfluctuate greatly.
However, there are significantfluctuations in air humidity which have a pronounced effect on the GALS speciesdealt with in this publication as in their natural surroundings, snails go intodormancy during the dry season.
Relative air humidity shouldnot be near saturation, because it would encourage the development of harmfulbacteria and fungi.
In outdoor situations, it is clearly impossible to control climatic factors. However, the magnitude of temperature and humidity fluctuations is reduced in areas of relatively undisturbed forest or fairly dense vegetation cover. Such sites should be preferred to open grassland or farmland areas.
Obviously, snails can bereared in a completely controlled, indoor environment, but at a price. Whetherthe investment will be profitable depends on one’s financial resources, localproduction costs per kg snail meat, and marketing options.
3. Wind Speed and Direction
Wind accelerates moisture lossin snails. Therefore to prevent snails from drying out, snail houses should besituated in sites that are protected from the wind. Downhill sites are usually themost suitable, preferably those with good tree cover to reduce wind impact.Planting (fruit) trees around snail pens will help to reduce wind speed andimprove the micro-climate. It will also protect the snails from scorching sunor torrential rain.