Saturday, July 20, 2024
General Agriculture

Farm Animals (Livestock production): Benefits and Economic Importance

Livestock production is the second most important agricultural practice for the production of food and non-food materials to man. Farm animals are kept for many reasons, particularly for food benefits.

1. Food Benefits of Farm Animal

Farm Animals (Livestock production): Benefits and Economic Importance

1. Meat: This is the muscle tissue or flesh and the associated fat, connective tissue of slaughtered animals. Meat presents a source of high-quality protein in the human diet, which is essential for body building and repair.

2. Milk: This is a white, cream-colored secretion from the mammary glands of female farm animals, which is produced after parturition (birth of the young animal). It is also a very valuable source of high-quality protein. Food by-products of milk such as ghee, butter, and cheese are highly desired sources of protein in human diets.

3. Eggs: These are produced by poultry, and they serve as a very good source of protein in man’s diet.

Read Also: The Biological Factors of Soil Affecting Crop Production

2. Farm Work

Farm animals serve as a good source of power, especially in rural communities where there are no motorable roads. Oxen (cows, bulls, bullocks) can be trained to draw ploughs, harrows, cultivators, and carts.

3. Transportation

Donkeys, horses, buffalo, bullocks, and mules are used to transport farm inputs, farm workers, and loads of farm produce to both farm settlements and markets.

6 Non-Food Benefits of Farm Animals

Livestock species have other uses derived from other products obtainable from them. These include;

1. Provision of skin and hides for industrial manufacture of leather;

2. Extractions from internal organs of farm animals such parts as liver, pancreas, intestine, gall bladder, etc. used in making drugs in pharmaceutical industries;

3. Provision of animal fats used in making soap, lubricating oil, and drugs;

4. Provision of hooves and horns used in industrial production of gelatin, glues, buttons, combs, and other kitchen household equipment;

5. Provision of manure (e.g. farmyard droppings, excrements) used as alternative fertilizer materials to inorganic fertilizers in crop farms; and

6. As a source of household income when livestock and livestock products are sold. In peri-urban areas and rural settings, livestock farmers keep animals primarily to meet their daily expenditures. Livestock keeping also offers huge employment opportunities. This also has important social benefits.

Read Also: Spatial Distribution of Soil Types

Read Also: What You Should Know Before Venturing Into Fruit Farming

Agric4Profits

Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with several years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. Agric4Profits.com - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. WealthinWastes.com - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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