Saturday, May 25, 2024

How to Farm and Care for Common Carp Fish (Cyprinus carpio)

Common carp fish which is scientifically known as Cyprinus carpio is a type of fish that lives in many places around the world. These fish are known for their adaptability and ability to survive in different environments. Let’s explore more about these interesting creatures.

Common carp have been around for a very long time, with a history dating back over a thousand years. People have been farming and catching them for food and recreational purposes. They come in various colors, including gold, silver, and bronze, adding a touch of diversity to their appearance.

One remarkable thing about common carp is their ability to thrive in different water conditions. Whether it’s a calm pond or a flowing river, these fish can call it home. This adaptability has made them popular among fish farmers and anglers alike.

In terms of size, common carp can grow quite large. Some individuals have been known to reach weights of over 80 pounds, making them a substantial catch for those who enjoy fishing. Their size, combined with their strong swimming abilities, makes them a formidable opponent for anglers seeking a challenge.

When it comes to their diet, common carp are not picky eaters. They consume a variety of food, including insects, crustaceans, and plants. This diverse diet contributes to their ability to survive in various ecosystems.

Reproduction is another interesting aspect of the common carp’s life cycle. These fish are prolific breeders, laying a large number of eggs during spawning season. This reproductive strategy ensures that there are plenty of young carp to sustain the population.

In some regions, common carp have been introduced as a form of aquatic management. They are used to control unwanted vegetation in lakes and ponds. Their feeding habits help maintain a balance in the ecosystem, preventing overgrowth of certain plant species.

Despite their widespread presence and adaptability, common carp have faced challenges in some areas. Invasive populations of carp can negatively impact native fish species and ecosystems. Efforts are often made to manage and control carp populations to maintain a healthy balance in aquatic environments.

In addition, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a fascinating fish with a rich history and remarkable adaptability. Whether you encounter them in a peaceful pond or a rushing river, these fish have a knack for making themselves at home. From their diverse diet to their prolific reproduction, common carp continue to be a subject of interest for fish enthusiasts around the world.

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Selecting the Right Common Carp Fish Species for Your Farm

How to Farm and Care for Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Selecting the right common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish species for your farm is crucial to ensure a successful and sustainable aquaculture operation. Different carp species have unique characteristics, and choosing the appropriate one for your farm depends on various factors.

Consider the following aspects when selecting common carp species for your farm:

1. Environmental Conditions: Assess the water temperature and quality of your farm. Different common carp species have preferences for specific environmental conditions. Ensure that the chosen species can thrive in the conditions available on your farm.

2. Growth Rate: Evaluate the growth rates of various common carp species. Some species may grow faster than others, which can impact the time it takes to harvest and market your fish. Choose a species that aligns with your production goals.

3. Size and Weight: Common carp species vary in size and weight. Consider the market demand and your production capacity when selecting a species. Some farmers prefer larger carp for specific markets, while others may focus on smaller sizes.

4. Feeding Habits: Understand the feeding habits of different common carp species. Some may have specific dietary requirements, and choosing a species that matches the available feed resources on your farm can contribute to cost-effective production.

5. Reproduction Characteristics: Examine the reproductive behavior of the carp species. Some may reproduce more rapidly than others, affecting the overall population and potential overstocking issues. Consider the reproductive characteristics in line with your management strategy.

6. Disease Resistance: Check the disease resistance of common carp species. Opt for species that are known for their resilience against common diseases in your region. This can reduce the risk of disease outbreaks and improve overall farm health.

7. Market Preferences: Research market preferences and demands for common carp in your target region. Certain species may be more desirable based on taste, texture, or cultural preferences. Understanding market trends can help you tailor your production to meet consumer demands.

8. Local Regulations: Be aware of any local regulations or restrictions on the cultivation of specific common carp species. Compliance with regulatory requirements is essential for the sustainability and legality of your aquaculture operation.

By carefully considering these factors, you can make an informed decision when selecting the right common carp species for your farm. This thoughtful approach will contribute to the success of your aquaculture venture and help you achieve your production goals.

Setting Up Your Common Carp Fish Farm: A Step-by-Step Guide

Setting up a common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish farm requires careful planning and execution. Follow this step-by-step guide to establish a successful and sustainable fish farming operation:

1. Site Selection: Choose a suitable location with access to clean water and proper environmental conditions. Consider factors such as water quality, temperature, and availability of natural food sources.

2. Pond Construction: Construct ponds of appropriate size and depth. Common carp thrive in ponds with good aeration and water circulation. Ensure proper drainage and the ability to control water levels.

3. Water Quality Management: Implement measures to maintain optimal water quality. Regularly monitor parameters such as dissolved oxygen, pH, and ammonia levels. Install aeration systems if needed to enhance oxygen levels.

4. Stocking Density and Species Selection: Determine the stocking density based on the size and capacity of your ponds. Select common carp species that suit your production goals and environmental conditions.

5. Feeding and Nutrition: Develop a feeding strategy that meets the nutritional needs of common carp. Provide a balanced diet and consider factors like feed conversion rates. Adjust feeding based on the growth stage of the fish.

6. Disease Prevention and Management: Implement biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction of diseases. Quarantine new fish before introducing them to existing populations. Have a plan for disease detection and treatment if needed.

7. Harvesting Techniques: Plan and implement proper harvesting techniques. Consider the size and weight of common carp suitable for your target market. Use humane and efficient methods to minimize stress on the fish.

8. Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of your fish farm activities. This includes stocking rates, feeding schedules, water quality parameters, and any health-related issues. Accurate record-keeping aids in farm management and future planning.

9. Marketing and Sales: Develop a marketing strategy for your common carp products. Identify potential markets and understand consumer preferences. Establish connections with local markets, retailers, or processors.

10. Compliance with Regulations: Familiarize yourself with and adhere to local regulations and permits related to fish farming. Ensure compliance with environmental, health, and safety standards to operate legally.

11. Continuous Monitoring and Improvement: Regularly monitor the performance of your fish farm. Adjust management practices based on feedback and observations. Seek opportunities for improvement and stay informed about advancements in aquaculture practices.

By following these steps, you can set up and manage a common carp fish farm efficiently. Attention to detail, proper planning, and ongoing monitoring are key elements in achieving success in the aquaculture industry.

Nutrition Essentials: Feeding Your Common Carp Fish for Optimal Growth

Feeding your common carp (Cyprinus carpio) with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for optimal growth and overall health. Here are key considerations to ensure your fish receive the nutrition they need:

1. Choose Quality Feed: Select high-quality commercial carp feed that is specifically formulated for the nutritional requirements of common carp. Ensure the feed contains essential nutrients such as proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

2. Protein Content: Common carp require a diet rich in protein for growth. Choose feeds with an appropriate protein content, considering the life stage of the fish. Juveniles may require higher protein levels than mature fish.

3. Energy Sources: Include energy-rich ingredients in the feed, such as carbohydrates and fats. These components provide the necessary energy for metabolic processes and growth. Balance the energy content to meet the carp’s requirements.

4. Vitamin and Mineral Supplements: Ensure the feed includes essential vitamins and minerals. Common carp need vitamins like A, C, D, and E, as well as minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. These contribute to bone development, immune function, and overall well-being.

5. Feeding Frequency: Establish a regular feeding schedule based on the age and size of the common carp. Younger fish typically require more frequent feeding. Monitor feeding behavior to avoid overfeeding or underfeeding.

6. Adjust Feeding Rates: Adjust feeding rates based on environmental conditions and water temperature. Common carp may have different feeding preferences and rates during varying seasons. Be mindful of these changes to optimize growth.

7. Monitoring Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR): Keep track of the Feed Conversion Ratio, which is the amount of feed needed for a certain amount of fish growth. A lower FCR indicates more efficient feed utilization, contributing to cost-effective and sustainable farming.

8. Supplemental Feeding with Natural Foods: Consider incorporating natural foods like aquatic insects and plants into the diet. This can enhance the nutritional diversity of the carp’s diet and mimic their natural feeding behaviors.

9. Water Quality: Ensure good water quality as it directly impacts feed consumption and digestion. Poor water quality can lead to reduced appetite and compromised growth. Regularly monitor water parameters to maintain an optimal environment.

10. Record Keeping: Keep detailed records of feeding activities, including the type and amount of feed given. This information helps in adjusting feeding strategies, tracking growth performance, and identifying any potential issues.

Providing a well-balanced and nutritionally rich diet is fundamental to the success of your common carp fish farm. Regularly assess and adjust feeding practices based on the specific needs of your fish, and monitor their growth and overall health for continuous improvement.

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Disease Prevention and Control in Common Carp Fish Farming

How to Farm and Care for Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Disease prevention and control are crucial aspects of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish farming to ensure the health and sustainability of your aquaculture operation. Follow these guidelines to minimize the risk of diseases and effectively manage them if they occur:

1. Biosecurity Measures: Implement strict biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction of diseases to your fish farm. This includes controlling access to the facility, disinfecting equipment, and screening new fish before introduction.

2. Quarantine New Fish: Quarantine newly acquired fish in a separate facility before introducing them to existing populations. This allows you to observe and treat any potential diseases without risking the health of the entire population.

3. Regular Health Checks: Conduct regular health checks on your common carp. Monitor their behavior, appetite, and any signs of abnormality. Early detection of potential issues enables timely intervention.

4. Water Quality Management: Maintain optimal water quality as poor water conditions can stress fish and make them more susceptible to diseases. Regularly monitor parameters such as temperature, pH, ammonia, and dissolved oxygen levels.

5. Vaccination Programs: Explore and implement vaccination programs for common carp if applicable. Vaccination can be an effective preventive measure against specific diseases. Consult with a fish health professional to determine the appropriate vaccines for your region.

6. Quarantine and Treat Sick Fish: Isolate and treat any fish showing signs of illness promptly. Identify the disease through laboratory analysis if needed and administer appropriate treatments under the guidance of a fish health expert.

7. Disease Surveillance: Establish a disease surveillance program to monitor the health status of your fish population. Regularly collect samples for laboratory analysis to detect any potential pathogens.

8. Avoid Overcrowding: Avoid overstocking ponds, as overcrowding can stress the fish and increase the likelihood of disease transmission. Maintain stocking densities within recommended limits for optimal health.

9. Hygiene Practices: Practice good hygiene in and around the fish farm. Keep equipment and facilities clean to reduce the risk of disease transmission. Properly dispose of mortalities to prevent the spread of pathogens.

10. Collaborate with Experts: Work with fish health professionals and local authorities to stay informed about prevalent diseases in your region. Collaborate with experts to develop effective disease management strategies.

11. Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of disease incidents, treatments, and outcomes. This information is valuable for assessing the effectiveness of your disease prevention and control measures and planning for the future.

By incorporating these disease prevention and control measures into your common carp fish farming practices, you can enhance the overall health and resilience of your fish population, contributing to the success and sustainability of your aquaculture venture.

Common Carp Fish Breeding Techniques: Guide to Successful Reproduction

Successfully breeding common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in a fish farm involves understanding their reproductive behavior and implementing appropriate techniques. Here’s a guide to help you achieve successful reproduction:

1. Selecting Breeding Stock: Choose healthy and mature breeding stock with good genetic traits. Look for fish that exhibit desirable characteristics such as strong body conformation and vibrant coloration.

2. Create Ideal Breeding Conditions: Mimic natural breeding conditions in your breeding tanks or ponds. Common carp typically spawn in spring when water temperatures rise. Maintain water temperature, quality, and provide suitable nesting substrates.

3. Inducing Spawning: In controlled environments, spawning can be induced by manipulating environmental conditions. Gradually increase water temperature, simulate changes in daylight, or introduce hormones to trigger the reproductive process.

4. Spawning Substrates: Provide appropriate substrates for egg attachment. Common carp prefer plants or artificial structures for spawning. These structures offer a surface for adhesive eggs to attach and protect them from predators.

5. Egg Collection: Monitor the breeding pairs and collect eggs promptly after spawning. Use a gentle technique to avoid damaging the fragile eggs. Transfer the eggs to a separate incubation tank or basket.

6. Incubation Tanks: Set up dedicated incubation tanks with gentle water flow to keep the eggs suspended and well-oxygenated. Maintain optimal water conditions for hatching, including suitable temperature and oxygen levels.

7. Hatching Period: Monitor the hatching period closely. Once the eggs hatch into fry, provide them with appropriate micro-sized feed. Newly hatched fry are delicate and require specialized nutrition for growth.

8. Fry Rearing: Transfer the fry to rearing ponds or tanks. Ensure proper water quality, temperature, and adequate nutrition. Monitor the development of the fry and adjust feeding rates as they grow.

9. Weaning to Commercial Feed: Gradually transition the juvenile fish from live or formulated fry feeds to commercial feed suitable for their size. Monitor their growth and adjust feeding practices accordingly.

10. Grading and Selection: Periodically grade and select fish based on size and quality. This helps in managing different size groups and optimizing growth rates. Select the best individuals for future breeding to improve overall genetic traits.

11. Disease Prevention: Implement disease prevention measures to protect the breeding stock and young fish. Regular health checks, quarantine procedures, and maintaining optimal water conditions are crucial.

12. Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of breeding activities, including dates of spawning, number of eggs, and survival rates. This information is valuable for tracking the success of your breeding program and making informed decisions.

By following these breeding techniques and practices, you can increase the likelihood of successful common carp reproduction in your fish farm. Paying attention to environmental conditions, proper egg handling, and the health of both parent fish and offspring contributes to a thriving and sustainable breeding program.

Harvesting and Processing Your Common Carp Fish Farm Yield

Harvesting and processing your common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish farm yield is a critical step to bring your aquaculture operation full circle. Here’s a guide to help you efficiently harvest and process your fish:

1. Harvesting Techniques: Choose appropriate harvesting techniques based on your farm setup and the size of the fish. Common methods include seining, netting, or using fish pumps. Ensure that the chosen method minimizes stress to the fish.

2. Timing of Harvest: Harvest fish at the right time to achieve optimal size and weight for your target market. Consider market demand and schedule harvests accordingly. Avoid delaying harvests, as overgrown fish may have lower market value.

3. Sorting and Grading: Sort and grade the harvested fish based on size. This helps in organizing the yield for marketing purposes and can also be beneficial for managing different size groups in your fish farm.

4. Sedation Techniques: Consider sedation techniques if needed during harvesting to minimize stress on the fish. Proper sedation can make handling and processing more efficient.

5. Harvesting Equipment: Use appropriate equipment for harvesting, such as nets, grading bins, and transportation containers. Ensure that the equipment is clean and well-maintained to avoid injuries or stress to the fish.

6. Processing Facility: Set up a dedicated processing facility with proper sanitation measures. This facility should have adequate space and equipment for tasks like gutting, filleting, and packaging.

7. Gutting and Cleaning: Gut and clean the harvested fish promptly. Proper gutting is crucial for maintaining the quality of the fish. Use clean tools and ensure a hygienic environment to prevent contamination.

8. Filleting and Processing: Depending on market demand, fillet the fish or process them into other desired forms. Invest in filleting equipment if large-scale processing is involved. Follow hygiene standards to ensure the safety and quality of the processed products.

9. Packaging and Storage: Package the processed fish in suitable materials for freshness and presentation. Consider vacuum packaging or freezing for long-term storage. Label the packages with relevant information such as date of processing and fish species.

10. Quality Control: Implement quality control measures throughout the processing stage. Regularly inspect the fish for any abnormalities or signs of diseases. Ensure that the final product meets food safety standards.

11. Market Distribution: Develop a distribution plan for your processed fish products. Establish connections with local markets, restaurants, or retailers. Consider diversifying your market channels to reach a broader consumer base.

12. Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of the harvesting and processing activities. Keep track of quantities, processing dates, and any quality control measures implemented. These records are essential for traceability and continuous improvement.

By following these steps, you can efficiently harvest and process your common carp fish farm yield. Attention to detail, proper sanitation, and adherence to quality standards contribute to the success of your aquaculture venture and the satisfaction of your customers.

Market Strategies for Selling Your Common Carp Fish Products

Developing effective market strategies is crucial for successfully selling your common carp fish products. Here’s a guide to help you promote and sell your fish in the market:

1. Identify Your Target Market: Understand your target market. Identify whether you are catering to local consumers, restaurants, wholesalers, or niche markets. Knowing your audience helps tailor your marketing strategies.

2. Branding and Packaging: Create a strong brand for your fish products. Invest in attractive and informative packaging that highlights the quality of your common carp. Clear branding enhances product recognition and consumer trust.

3. Diversify Product Offerings: Explore different product offerings to meet diverse consumer preferences. Consider offering whole fish, fillets, smoked fish, or value-added products. Diversifying your product line can attract a broader customer base.

4. Local and Online Markets: Explore local markets, farmers’ markets, and online platforms to sell your fish products. Leverage e-commerce channels to reach a wider audience. Create an easy-to-navigate website for online sales.

5. Collaborate with Restaurants and Retailers: Build partnerships with local restaurants, supermarkets, and retailers. Offer them quality common carp products at competitive prices. Collaborating with established businesses can expand your market reach.

6. Consumer Education: Educate consumers about the nutritional benefits of common carp and the sustainable practices employed in your fish farm. Highlight the quality and freshness of your products in marketing materials.

7. Promotions and Discounts: Implement promotions and discounts to attract customers. Consider offering special deals during festive seasons or events. Discounts can encourage trial purchases and foster customer loyalty.

8. Social Media Presence: Establish a strong presence on social media platforms. Share engaging content, such as cooking recipes, health benefits, and behind-the-scenes glimpses of your fish farm. Social media is a powerful tool for building brand awareness.

9. Attend Food Events and Expos: Participate in food events and expos to showcase your common carp products. These events provide opportunities to connect with consumers, network with industry professionals, and gain exposure.

10. Customer Feedback and Reviews: Encourage customer feedback and reviews. Positive testimonials can boost your credibility and attract new customers. Address any concerns promptly to maintain a positive reputation.

11. Certification and Standards: Obtain relevant certifications and adhere to industry standards. Certifications for sustainable and organic practices can enhance the marketability of your common carp products.

12. Community Engagement: Engage with the local community through outreach programs, sponsorships, or educational initiatives. Building a positive image in the community can enhance your brand reputation.

13. Customer Loyalty Programs: Implement customer loyalty programs to reward repeat customers. Offer discounts, exclusive deals, or early access to new products. Building customer loyalty is essential for long-term success.

By integrating these market strategies, you can effectively promote and sell your common carp fish products. The key is to create a compelling brand, understand your target audience, and leverage various channels to reach consumers and businesses alike.

Sustainability Practices in Common Carp Fish Farming: A Green Approach

Implementing sustainability practices in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish farming is essential for a green approach that balances environmental responsibility with productive aquaculture. Employing eco-friendly strategies contributes to the health of aquatic ecosystems and long-term viability of fish farming operations.

A green approach involves optimizing resource use, minimizing environmental impact, and fostering ecological balance. Practices such as responsible water management, efficient feed utilization, and waste reduction play integral roles in sustainable common carp farming.

Water conservation is paramount, emphasizing efficient water use within ponds and minimizing discharge to prevent negative impacts on surrounding ecosystems. Implementing water recirculation systems and utilizing natural processes for water treatment contribute to a more sustainable water management approach.

Feeding practices should prioritize nutrient efficiency, with a focus on formulating feeds that minimize environmental pollutants. Balancing nutrition to meet the specific needs of common carp while reducing excess nutrient discharge helps maintain water quality and ecosystem health.

Integrating polyculture systems, where common carp coexist with compatible species, can enhance ecological diversity and reduce the risk of disease outbreaks. This approach mimics natural ecosystems and promotes a healthier and more resilient environment.

Efforts to reduce the ecological footprint include the responsible use of energy and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions associated with fish farming operations. Implementing energy-efficient technologies, such as renewable energy sources and efficient aeration systems, aligns with sustainability goals.

Waste management practices involve recycling and repurposing organic waste generated during fish farming. The integration of waste byproducts as fertilizers for crops or other agricultural activities can contribute to a circular and sustainable system.

Incorporating eco-friendly certification standards and adhering to best management practices reinforce a commitment to sustainability. Compliance with recognized standards ensures accountability and transparency in common carp fish farming operations.

Furthermore, community engagement and collaboration with local stakeholders foster a sense of shared responsibility for sustainable aquaculture practices. Building awareness and educating stakeholders about the benefits of green approaches create a positive impact beyond the confines of the fish farm.

In addition, a green approach to common carp fish farming involves a holistic commitment to environmental stewardship. By integrating sustainable practices into every aspect of the operation, fish farmers can contribute to the preservation of aquatic ecosystems while maintaining the productivity and economic viability of their farms.

Common Issues and their Solutions in Common Carp Fish Farming

In common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish farming, various issues may arise that can impact the health and productivity of the fish. Understanding these common issues and implementing effective solutions is crucial for successful aquaculture. Here are some issues and their potential solutions:

1. Water Quality Problems:

Issue: Poor water quality can lead to stress and disease in common carp.

Solution: Regularly monitor and maintain optimal water parameters. Implement water testing, proper aeration, and water exchange as needed.

2. Disease Outbreaks:

Issue: Diseases can spread quickly in fish farms, affecting the entire population.

Solution: Establish a proactive health management plan, including regular health checks, quarantine for new fish, and vaccination programs. Promptly treat any diagnosed diseases.

3. Overcrowding:

Issue: Overstocking can lead to stress, poor growth, and increased susceptibility to diseases.

Solution: Maintain appropriate stocking densities based on the size of your pond or tank. Avoid overstocking to ensure a healthy and thriving fish population.

4. Feeding Issues:

Issue: Inconsistent or improper feeding can result in malnutrition or overfeeding.

Solution: Develop a feeding plan based on the nutritional needs of common carp. Monitor feeding behavior and adjust feeding rates accordingly. Use high-quality, nutritionally balanced feeds.

5. Oxygen Depletion:

Issue: Inadequate oxygen levels can occur, especially in warmer water or during overcast conditions.

Solution: Install aeration systems to enhance oxygen levels. Monitor oxygen concentrations regularly, especially in warmer months when oxygen demand increases.

6. Poor Growth Rates:

Issue: Common carp may exhibit slow growth due to various factors.

Solution: Evaluate and optimize feeding practices, water quality, and stocking densities. Consider adjusting the diet to meet the nutritional needs of the fish at different growth stages.

7. Predation:

Issue: Predators, such as birds or other fish, can pose a threat to common carp.

Solution: Use protective measures such as netting or bird deterrents. Implement strategies to reduce the risk of predation, especially during vulnerable stages like spawning.

8. Environmental Stressors:

Issue: Environmental stressors like sudden temperature changes or extreme weather events can impact fish health.

Solution: Implement measures to mitigate stress, such as shade structures, and monitor weather forecasts. Gradually acclimate fish to changes in environmental conditions.

9. Regulatory Compliance:

Issue: Failure to comply with local regulations and permits can lead to legal issues.

Solution: Stay informed about and adhere to local regulations. Obtain necessary permits and certifications for your fish farming operation.

10. Record Keeping:

Issue: Inadequate record-keeping can hinder the ability to track and address issues.

Solution: Maintain detailed records of stocking rates, feeding schedules, health checks, and any interventions. Regularly review records for trends or patterns.

By addressing these common issues promptly and implementing proactive measures, fish farmers can enhance the overall health and productivity of their common carp farming operations. Regular monitoring and a commitment to best management practices contribute to the success and sustainability of the aquaculture venture.

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Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with over 12 years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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