Thursday, July 18, 2024

How to Make Money as a Poultry Farmer

When we talk about Poultry farming, it literally means the rearing of different types of poultry birds such as duck rearing, rearing chicken, quails, turkey, emu, broiler, etc. However, the principles and practices underlying are the same.

Meanwhile after beef, the meat consumed during parties, ceremonies and festive periods in Nigeria and other major parts of the world is poultry meat.

Although cattle meat and poultry meat are on the competitive line, as poultry meat occupies the first position during festive periods, especially during Christmas, Easter and other special periods.

Even researchers recommend the consumption of white meat, which happened to be a class of meat that poultry meat belongs to.

Furthermore, it has been discovered that red meat (beef, chevon, mutton, etc.) are not good for human health due to the presence of cholesterol (causes cardiovascular diseases and increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease) in them. So, the alternatives available are fish and poultry meat consumption.

With all these being said, now imagine the massive increase in the consumption of poultry meat and eggs, what did you foresee? I foresee a means of making a lot of money from raising chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, and quails.

These obviously ensures the channel for both existing and aspiring poultry farmers to make money.

Read Also: How to Make Money in Poultry Farming

For you as a poultry farmer to be successful in your poultry farming business, here are the five basic steps you need to follow to start a profitable poultry farming business within your location.

Step 1 – Choose The Type Of Poultry Farming Bird To Raise

Before you kickstart your poultry farming business venture, it is important to have a clear picture of what type of poultry breeds to farm (most importantly, poultry breeds that lay a lot of eggs). In Nigeria today, aside from locally grown chickens, there are two major breeds that are common among poultry farmers.

Broilers: Young males and Females raised for meat. They grow from a hatch weight of 40g to a weight of approximately 1.5 to 2kg within 6weeks only.

Layers: Hens used for commercial egg production and then killed for meat. Layer chickens are raised from one day old. They start laying eggs at the age of 18-19weeks and continue until they are 72-78weeks of age.

Cockerels: Just like the broilers, cockerels are also for meat production and have a special market demand but then, its growth is very slow, unlike the broilers that grow very fast. Cockerels can survive in many environments.

Step 2 – Select A Suitable Farm Location / Site

Where your poultry farm is situated is very important for your business. To start poultry, you need a farm site. The size of the poultry farmland should be determined by the number of birds you want to rear.

If you have enough land at your backyard and can’t afford to acquire a new site, its always better to start small. You can start with what you have but make it a priority to get a better farm as soon as you can afford it.

A good poultry farm site should be away from the chaos and hustle-bustle of the city. It should be calm and pollution free environment. The farm must have adequate, clean and fresh drinking water sources nearby.

Also, the site must be free of poultry enemies and predators like foxes and leopards. The site must be easily accessible from main roads so as to ease the transportation of farm products when they are ready for sale.

Read Also: Ways to Prevent Vaccine Failure on your Poultry Farm

How to Make Money as a Poultry Farmer

Step 3 – Provide Good Housing and Shelter For The Birds

When it comes to poultry farming, housing is the next important factor after getting a farm site. A proper poultry housing is necessary for the protection and survival of your commercial poultry birds.

The Housing system you choose totally depends on the poultry breeds and farming method. Housing design varies in accordance with various types of poultry raising methods.

The housing to be built should be spacious enough to permit free movement and running of the birds. shelters must be raised adequately to prevent the risk of flooding.

It should be spacious enough to permit free movement and running of the birds. In addition, the shelter must be adequately ventilated and protected from sunlight.

Step 4 – Feeding and Medication of The Poultry Birds

For commercial poultry production, good quality, highly nutritious food is a must. Quality and neat feeds keep the bird healthy always and very productive. The feed must be kept clean and dry always, as contaminated feed can infect poultry.

Fresh quality and nutritious food is the key to success in poultry farming business. Your birds need not lack water. Lack of adequate water supply can impede their growth.

Proper medication and vaccination can prevent many poultry diseases. As a commercial poultry farmer, you need to have a veterinary doctor that can come run a check on your birds when the need arises.

There are various routine medications and vaccinations that help towards the healthiness of your poultry birds to keep them safe from viruses and bacterial infections, peradventure they catch an infectious disease.

Related: Direct Effects of Climate on Animal Production

Step 5 – Marketing and Sales of the Poultry Birds

Poultry farming is a profitable business and the desire of every poultry farmer is to make good sales after every harvest. So you need to pay attention to the marketing and sales aspect of your business.

Do not be caught up in the operational aspect of your business so much that you ignore the sales aspect.

Nevertheless, the following ideas can help you in the marketing and sales of your chicken; taking your business online, selling to hotels and restaurants, advertising your products, employing marketers, home delivery, etc.

Related: Effect of Tropical Climate on Animal Parasites, Vectors and Diseases

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Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with several years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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