Inter-cropping is a multiple cropping practice involving growing two or more crops in proximity. The most common goal of inter-cropping is to produce a greater yield on a given piece of land by making use of resources or ecological processes that would otherwise not be utilized by a single crop.
Advantage of Inter-cropping
🥫Inter-cropping gives additional yield income/unit area than sole cropping.
🥫It acts as an insurance against failure of crops in abnormal year.
🥫Inter-crops maintain the soil fertility as the nutrient uptake is made from both layers of soil.
🥫Reduction in soil runoff and controls weeds.
🥫Inter-crops provide shade and support to the other crop.
🥫Inter cropping system utilizes resources efficiently and their productivity is high.
🥫Inter-cropping with cash crops is higher profitable.
🥫It helps to avoid inter-crop competition and thus a higher number of crop plants are grown per unit area.
Disadvantages of inter-cropping
🥫Yield decreases as the crops differ in their competitive abilities.
🥫Management of /crops having different cultural practices seems to be difficult task.
🥫Improved implements cannot be used efficiently.
🥫Higher amount of fertilizer or irrigation water cannot be utilized properly as the component crops vary in their response of these resources.
🥫 Harvesting is difficult .