Inter-cropping:- Advantages and Disadvantages

Inter-cropping is a multiple cropping practice involving growing two or more crops in proximity. The most common goal of inter-cropping is to produce a greater yield on a given piece of land by making use of resources or ecological processes that would otherwise not be utilized by a single crop.

 

Advantage of Inter-cropping

市Inter-cropping gives additional yield income/unit area than sole cropping.

市It acts as an insurance against failure of crops in abnormal year.

市Inter-crops maintain the soil fertility as the nutrient uptake is made from both layers of soil.

市Reduction in soil runoff and controls weeds.

市Inter-crops provide shade and support to the other crop.

市Inter cropping system utilizes resources efficiently and their productivity is high.

市Inter-cropping with cash crops is higher profitable.

市It helps to avoid inter-crop competition and thus a higher number of crop plants are grown per unit area.

Disadvantages of inter-cropping

市Yield decreases as the crops differ in their competitive abilities.

市Management of /crops having different cultural practices seems to be difficult task.

市Improved implements cannot be used efficiently.

市Higher amount of fertilizer or irrigation water cannot be utilized properly as the component crops vary in their response of these resources.

市 Harvesting is difficult .

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