Layers Mash Feeds are given to poultry birds or chickens between the ages of 18 weeks and above when the layers must have ordinarily started dropping eggs upto about 10% production.
Below is your layers mash feed formula along with the step by step comprehensive guide on how to formulate your layers mash feed for your poultry birds.
The truth about poultry farming business is that success in the poultry farming business mostly depends on feeding quality feed and feed formulation system. For proper growth, egg production and good health, poultry birds require energy.
In order to obtain the desired growth rate, you must have to purchase and provide highly nutritious poultry feed. Except for adequate and quality feeding, you can’t run your poultry farming business properly.
As a poultry farmer, you should always produce and sell fresh and healthy birds and quality eggs. For producing quality eggs and meat you have to feed your birds quality feed.
This will also help to get maximum returns from your poultry farming business.
If you are planning or you are already into poultry farming and you wish to hit it big, then your poultry birds feeding is something you should take very seriously.
Some farmers are now reducing feed rations served to their birds due to the high cost of feeds. Some of the feeds out there are adulterated.
As a result, many poultry farmers in different parts of the country want to know how they can make their own feeds in order to cut down costs of production.
Feeds account for more than 80% of production costs. A farmer who manages to bring down this cost to about 60 to 50% will make good returns in the poultry business.
As poultry feed or chicken feed often accounts for more than 80% of the cost of poultry production. Right now, the increasing cost of feeds is driving many poultry farmers out of business.
Therefore, making your own feeds would cut down costs while increasing the profit margin of your poultry farming.
Today, I’m going to show you how to make your own chicken feed.
Meanwhile, it is very important to also understand that whether you are formulating chicks mash, growers mash, broiler starter mash, broiler finisher mash or layers mash, you have to know and remember that feed formulas are usually given based on the needs of your birds so before a feed formula is recommended, it must meet the needs of your birds.
It is also very important that you consult an expert for proper guidance incase you get confuse with the process along the line.
Read Also: Growers Mash Feed Formula
Importance of Formulating your Own Poultry Feeds
Except a few feed manufacturers who keep to the standards in poultry feed formulations, many feed companies in the country make very poor quality feeds, a situation which has led to huge losses.
Poor quality feeds lead to a slow growth in chicken, low egg production, diseases or even death.
Making poultry feeds on the farm is one of the best ways to maintain quality and cut the cost of production.
The common ingredients are whole maize, maize germ, cotton seed cake, soya beans, sunflower or fish meal (silverfish).
In addition, farmers need to add several feed additives (micronutrients, minerals and vitamins) to make ensure their chicken have a balanced feed that meets their daily nutrient requirements.
Depending on the cost of raw material, farmers who make their own feeds at home save between 30 to 50 per cent for every 70-kilogrammes bag of chicken feed, depending on the source of their raw materials.
To formulate feeds, farmers have to use the Pearson Square method. In this method, the digestible crude protein (DCP) is the basic nutritional requirement for any feed preparation for all animals and birds.
The following are the DCP values for each of the common ingredients used in feed making:
Whole maize — 8.23 per cent
Soya — 45 per cent
Fishmeal (omena) — 55 per cent
Maize bran — 7 per cent
Sunflower — 35 per cent
Each category of chicken has its nutritional requirement.
Layers Mash Feed Formula
In case you need a feed formula sample to produce a layer mash feed or grower mash for your layers, you can use the one below.
An example of a layers mash feed formula is given below for a total of 1000kg (1ton) layers mash feed formulation:
|Raw Materials||Quantity Required|
|Soya Bean Meal (SBM)||130kg|
|Groundnut Cake (GNC)||100kg|
Total = 1,033kg
N/B: Seasons can also affect/alter the formulation therefore always carry an expert along.
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