Plant Nutrients: Their Roles and Sources in Plant Growth

Plant Growth

For proper plant growth, a regular supply of plant nutrients especially the essential ones, is necessary. Plants absorb a large number of elements from the soil, air and water during their growth period, but not all of these are essential. Only 16 elements have been found to be essential for all plants and four others have been found to be essential for some plants. Essential Elements for Plant Growth For element to be so classified, it has to fulfill the following criteria:  A deficiency of the element makes it impossible…

Read More

Health Benefits of Okro

Okro is a flowering plant known for its edible seed pods. It’s cultivated in warm and tropical climates, such as those in Africa and South Asia. Sometimes referred to as “lady’s finger,” okra comes in two colors — red and green. Both varieties taste the same, and the red one turns green when cooked. Biologically classified as a fruit, okra is generally utilized like a vegetable in cooking. It’s frequently used in Southern American cuisine and a popular addition to gumbo. Yet, it can have a slimy texture, which some…

Read More

How to Plant Okro – Beginners Guide

Okro (Abelmoschus esculentus) which is also known as Hibiscus esculentus and is also referred to as “ladies’ fingers in most English speaking countries is one of the most popular vegetables consumed across Nigeria, Okro is rich in vitamin A and low in calories which makes it a great addition to your diet, Growing of okro is easy and it appears great throughout the growing season due to its beautiful flowers. It’s a warm season crop. Growing okra requires a lot of sunshine and a good drainage system. When you prepare your…

Read More

Reasons why you should Invest in Oil Palm Business

In the olden day’s traditional farming method, nobody cultivates oil palms; People simply pick the clusters of fruit from the oil palms that grow in the forest. But these oil palms produce little oil. The oil is extracted by traditional methods, and a lot of oil is left in the pulp and the kernel but nowadays oil palms are grown on modem plantations. These contain selected oil palms with big yields, The clusters of fruit are sold to mills which extract all the oil from the pulp and the kernels.…

Read More

How to Grow Watermelons for Profit – Beginner’s Guide

Watermelon

Watermelon is regarded as a fruit as well as a vegetable which are usually eaten raw, it is also among the best fruits recommended for people that wish to lose weight. Meanwhile, if done rationally and on a scalable basis- can be a good source of income. In a few words, most commercial watermelon growers start the crop from seeds (hybrids) in an indoor protected environment. As they wait for the young seedlings to grow and be ready for transplanting, they prepare the field. They till the land, they make…

Read More

Methods of Genetic Improvement in Livestock Breeding

Methods of Genetic Improvement in Livestock Breeding

The farmer has two main ways in which he can attempt to raise the performance of the animals. He can through their environment or try change their genetic make-up in other to increase their genetic potential. The various traits or characteristics of a pig for example are genetically controlled and inherited through genes, which contain the basic hereditary material. These genes can be manipulated to achieve genetic improvement by either increasing the frequency of favorable genes or combinations of genes by selection, or by introducing new genes into the population…

Read More

Semi-intensive System of Livestock Production

Semi-Intensive System of Livestock Production

Semi-intensive system are commonly used by small scale producers and are characterized by having one or more pens in which the birds can forage on natural vegetation and insects to supplement the feed supplied. It is desirable to provide at least two runs for alternating use to avoid build up of disease and parasites. As may be observed in the foregoing, varieties of subsystems have been adopted to take advantage of low-cost of the extensive system and the high productivity of the intensive as circumstances may dictate under different operation…

Read More

Some Inherited Defects to be Avoided in Livestock Breeding

Some Inherited Defects to be Avoided in Livestock Breeding

There are many anatomical defects for example in pig which can affect performance. The majority of these are genetic in origin and therefore likely to be inherited from generation to generation. Tests are conducted to detect defects. These defects may be simple (i.e. controlled by one pair of genes) or complex (controlled by several pairs of genes). At the end of the test, the feed conversion efficiency is calculated, and the fat thickness is measure by an ultrasonic machine. Pigs are assessed on the basis of an index derived from…

Read More

Cross Breeding and Artificial Insemination in Livestock Breeding

Cross Breeding and Artificial Insemination in Livestock Breeding

In the previous section, methods of pig improvement have been based on selection within breed. There is, however, another means by which the producer can attempt to genetically improve the performance. This involves cross-breeding which is the: Exploitation of the phenomenon of heterosis, which occurs when two breed, which are genetically different, are crossed. If the cross-bred individual shows an improvement in performance above the mean of both parents it is said to exhibit hybrid- vigor or the ability to combine in one or more individuals the desirable characteristics of…

Read More

Improvement Programs in Livestock Breeding

Importance of Feeding Balanced Ration to your Animals

As an example of how testing and selection procedures can be integrated into a genetic improvement program, the national pig improvement program in Zimbabwe is described. This program is based on a pyramidal structure a small number of registered nucleus breeders assessed to be the herds genetically in the country, send their pigs to a central performance- test station. Approved boars and gilts pass out to multiplication herds, assessed to be the next rung down in terms of genetic merit, where their progeny is performance tested on the farm. Animal…

Read More