Thisdisease is caused by bacteria that often exist within the sheep’sintestine but only cause disease symptoms under certain circumstancessuch as a change of grazing, exhaustion, sudden dietary changes anddosing with dewormers.
Thebacteria in the intestine produce a toxin (poison) which results indeath.
It’ssymptoms vary as sometimes the goats are found dead while at othertimes, they either:
(1) appear exhausted, show paralysis and a loss of consciousness and may have labored breathing, salivation and diarrhoea or
(2)have nervous symptoms with convulsions, accompanied by salivation,grinding of teeth and muscle twitches until death.
TheDead Animal: Thecarcass decomposes quickly and there are haemorrhages on the heartand blood under the skin in the neck region.
Thelungs may contain excessive amounts of blood and the heart sac maycontain fluid.
Thekidneys may appear enlarged, dark red or pale brown and decomposed.They may contain large amounts of blood.
Although this disease occurs more often in sheep, it can be prevented.
Alternativelyvaccinate lambs with Enterotoxaemia Vaccine (including a boosterinjection) and then repeat vaccination annually.
Give1ml per animal as a subcutaneous injection.
Note:It is often advisedthat animals first be vaccinated against pulpy kidney beforedeworming.
Treatmentis not possible rather prevent it through proper and recommendedvaccination.