Advantages of Inter-cropping a Plantain Field

Advantages of Inter-cropping a Plantain Field

Intercropping is defined simply as growing two or more crop types on one field. The practice of intercropping has actually been around since farming began. Modernization of farming equipment has changed our farming practices into what they are today, which is largely mono-cropping. Mono-cropping is planting only one crop on a field that was adapted with the intention of maximizing the amount of seeds you could plant on one field and in a shorter period of time. Plantain fields are arranged in rows spaced at about 3m x 2m, as…

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Weed Control Methods for Plantain Plantations

Plantains should always be weed free, weed control starts during the field preparation and weeds are initially controlled about every 6 to 8 weeks but when the plantain canopy closes, at about 5 to 6 months after planting, weed infestation declined due to shading. Ensure that any plant with a superficial root system should be considered a weed and therefore must be eliminated. Grasses or herbs are the most pernicious weeds because they derive their nutrients from the same level of the soil as the plantains while tree seedlings are…

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Recommended Plantain Fertilization Methods

Recommended Plantain Fertilization Methods

In order to produce a heavy bunch, plantains always need some extra nutrients. These can be applied in the form of either inorganic or organic fertilizers (mulch, manure or ash from wood fires). Inorganic fertilizers have the advantages of easy handling and concentrated nutrients while organic fertilizers are very bulky, yet they manifest many important characteristics as they improve soil retention, weed and erosion control, soil porosity and biological activity. The application of fertilizers should start 1month after the planting of plantains or with the first rains in an already…

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Mulching of Plantains and the Advantages

Mulching of Plantains and the Advantages

Organic matter is essential for plantain cultivation / plantain farming if the field is to be very productive for a long time. A high level of organic matter in the soil is beneficial because it stimulates root development, improves soil drainage, decreases soil temperature fluctuation and increases soil porosity and biological life. Mulching can be defined as the use of plant material such as straw, leaves, crop residues, green manure crops, or saw-dust, stones or plastic planes etc. that is spread upon the surface of the soil. A mulch cover…

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The Various Products you can make from Plantain and Banana

The Various Products you can make from Plantain and Banana

Plantain can be eaten raw when ripe, processed into flour to make ‘elubo’, a local meal consumed in Nigeria and other parts of the world with soup, and also serves as industrial raw material in firms producing sanitary pads, fabrics and also for the food and beverage industry for making baby foods, biscuits, bread and cakes. Processing plantain helps in reducing post-harvest loss of the crop which is currently about 30 percent and it’s nutritional benefits include low-fat, good for blood pressure, a key source of vitamins and minerals, high…

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The Recommended Time and Method of Planting Plantain Suckers

The Importance of Plantain Farming Business

Plantain suckers are planted immediately after field preparation. Plant holes are prepared with a minimum size of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm. Adequate care should be taken to separate the topsoil from bottom soil. The sucker is placed in the hole and its corm is covered, first with the topsoil and then with the bottom soil. In the plant hole, the side of the sucker corm which was formerly attached to the corm of its mother plant is placed against the wall of the hole. The…

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How to select Plantain Cultivars

Things to Consider when Selecting a Site for Plantain Farming Business

For field cultivation, medium plantains should be preferred to giant ones even though giant plantains produce heavier bunches. Giant plantains take longer to produce and are more likely to be damaged by strong winds because of their size. The decision whether to grow a French or a False Horn plantain cultivar should depend on which type the consumers prefer. Horn plantains should never be cultivated as their yield is very low. Selecting Plantain Cultivars Cultivars, short for “cultivated varieties”, are plants that are propagated without seed, but rather vegetatively (for…

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How to Prepare Plantain Suckers for Planting

How to Prepare Plantain Suckers for Planting

Plantain suckers which are being used for plantain farming are separated from their mother plant with a spade or machete. Adequate care must be taken during the process because the sucker corm must not be damaged or chipped as their original roots are required to enable them germinate when planted. Consequently the corm should be carefully peeled with a machete. The pseudo stem of the suckers should be cut off a few centimeters above the corm. Peeling of the corm delays the development of nematode infestation, while cutting of the…

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The Recommended Spacing for Plantain Cultivation

The Recommended Spacing for Plantain Cultivation

The recommended spacing for planting plantain is 3m between the plantain rows and 2 m within the row (in other words = 3 m x 2 m). An alternative is 2.5 m x 2.5 m. If spaced 3 m x 2 m, 1 hectare should contain 1667 plants, but with a spacing of 2.5 m x 2.5 m, it should contain 1600 plants. Rows should be straight in flat fields to give plants the maximum amount of sunlight. However, on sloping land, rows should follow the contour lines in order to…

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Methods of Field Preparation for Plantain Farming

The Importance of Plantain Farming Business

When preparing your fields for your plantain farming, you must be aware of the fact that fields are to be prepared with minimum disturbance to the soil (no-tillage farming). In consequence, manual clearing should be preferred to mechanical deforestation because bulldozers always remove topsoil with the important organic matter and compact the remaining soil. When an old natural fallow is cleared, the debris from the forest should be burned if plantain cultivation is planned for 1 or 2 cycles only. If perennial cultivation is being considered, planting should be done…

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