In tilapia fish cultivation, every producer should consider the basic principles of aquaculture quantity, quality, and continuity of water. We will see what is required of water to use in each pond. Know if all the time you have the same quantity and quality in the water.
Once you maintain the quantity is with the continuity of the water. You can proceed to install your hatchery.
There are five ways to grow Tilapia: extensive, semi-intensive, intensive, hyper-intensive, and industrial. Intensive and hyperactive intensive crops are profitable. The difference between these two systems, one is made in a land pond. Above all, the other is in a pond of material.
1. Intensive cultivation
The biologist mentions that with a pond on land. There have to be at least four pounds of approximately 20 meters by 40. This shape is rectangular to grow tilapia fish.
Another critical point each one should have a slope. The floor should have a hill with an entrance and an exit separately. Stresses in this type of crop can handle 10 to 15 animals per cubic meter. It is to have the generalities mentioned.
2. Intensive Hyperactive Cultivation
The second method profitably is the hyperactive intensive. Here the ponds are circular. The system consists of a circular pond with a conical bottom. The ponds have a drain in the center. It would be best if you prepared ponds properly. Commercially there are four sizes of ponds.
The ideal is 9.40 meters in diameter, which holds about 80 cubic meters of water. And the ponds cost between $ 1200 – $1300.
A great advantage is in the two profitable breeding systems. That is only one person needed to manage them. It requires monitoring the temperature, and oxygen levels.
This is essential for concentration levels of ammonia in the system. There are commercial companies that sell this necessary equipment.
And if we want to recover the contained nutrients. You can execute it in the hydroponic culture. And, this phase of the research we have just started.
Most Production of tilapia:
The majority of Tilapia production is concentrated in the Columbia Dam. This is a department of Huila. Their production reaches 35,000 tons per year.
The second order is the Villavicencio area. The rest of the production is atomized in the other regions of the country. It corresponds to the first marine species to grow in Colombia.
This crop is made in floating cages in the open sea. It is expected to harvest about 400 tons this year—export fresh to the United States market.
Read Also: Watershed Pollution Solutions and Management