Snail farming or snail rearing in most countries for example in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative, cost effective, easy to run business practices that requires very little capital to run compared to other forms of agricultural practices like poultry farming and the likes.
Snail farming in Nigeria for instance is one of the most neglected farming practices in Nigeria yet the opportunities abound. Snails are more popular in African countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa.
The opportunities are massive likewise the potentials. Unlike other forms of agricultural practices that will require you building mighty structures and moving far away into the forest, snail farming doesn’t require massive land space and confinements.
In fact, you can start a commercial snail farm at your backyard as it only requires little spaces and it is environmental friendly, it requires little man power and the feeding are cheap or almost free.
According to latest Research, Below are some amazing things to know about snails and commercial snail farming business:
– Snails are gastropod mollusks; members of the phylum Mollusca and the class Gastropoda.
– When they feel threatened, they usually retreat into their shell to protect themselves.
– The largest land snail is the Achatina achatina, the Giant African Snail.
– Snails have no backbone.
– Some land snails feed on other terrestrial snails.”
– North America has about 500 native species of land snails.
– The snails that just hatch the egg can eat their shells and even other eggs of their brothers.
– Most snails live from 2 to 5 years, but in captivity, some have exceeded 10 or 15 years of age.
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– In France, edible snails are “escargot,” a word that also applies to a dish made with them, which is an appetizer.
– The courtship, process by which they attract each other before mating, lasts between 2 and 12 hours.
– In some places, people eat snail eggs, and call them “white caviar.”
– Usually, land snails hatch from eggs.
– The mucus of the garden snail is used to treat wrinkles, spots, and scars on the skin.
– Most snail species are hermaphrodites, so they have both male and female reproductive organs.
– The speed of snails is around 0.5-0.8 inches per second. If they moved without stopping, it would take more than a week to complete 1 kilometer.
– Land snails cover the entrance of their shell with a dry mucus secretion called epiphragm, but a few do it with a structure, that in the aquatic snails, has the name of the operculum.
– Snails do not change shells when they grow up.” Instead, the shell grows along with them.
– Some predators of terrestrial snails are beetles, rats, mice, turtles, salamanders and some birds.
– Calcium carbonate is the main component of the snail shells.
– Snails host several types of parasites that, while may not kill them, they are capable of affecting or killing their predators or animals that eat the snails. Even humans who eat poorly cooked snails can become seriously ill.
– The food of land snails goes through a mouth structure called the radula, which has several rows of tiny teeth inside.
– Land snails do not chew their food. They scrap it.
– Land snails breathe thanks to a lung.
– A single garden snail (Helix aspersa) can have up to 430 hatchlings after a year. Just a single snail.
– The size of the shell of a snail reflects its age.
– Many snails are in danger of extinction. Among these are the species Aaadonta constricta and Aaadonta fuscozonata, and others of the genus Aaadonta and Achatinella are in critical danger of extinction.
Additional Snail Facts About Snail Rearing
1) Some snails Hibernate
Some species of snails hibernate during the colder months of the year. They cover their bodies with a thin layer of mucus, which prevents them from drying out.
Sometimes snails also do a similar process in the summer, called estivation, to survive if it is a dry period. These processes are probably one of the reasons they have survived for millions of years.
2) Snails can have a long life
The life expectancy of snails depends on their habitat and the species. Some of them only live for about five years. However, others in captivity can live up to 25 years old.
3) There are giant snails
The biggest land snail recorded was 12 inches long and weighed near 2 pounds. It was a Giant African Snail. Other species are tiny being only a few centimeters long when they are adults and just a couple of ounces in weight.
4) Snail Moving
When moving, snails leave behind a trail of mucus. This mucus acts as a lubricant to reduce friction against the surface where they pass.
5) Snail Mucus
It is a myth that snail mucus can make humans ill. Many people worry that the snails in their garden will ruin the foods grown there and make them unfit for consumption, but that is false.
6) Snails live in slow motion
Garden snails (Helix apersa) reach a top speed of 50 yards per hour; this is about 0.5 inches per second.
While they don’t move fast, they do move at a very steady pace. Snails are one of the slowest creatures on the Earth.
7) Snails are Hermaphrodites
Snails have the reproductive organs of both, males and females, which categorize them as hermaphrodites.
However, they usually do not create offspring on their own. They mate with another snail, and then both lay eggs.
8) Snails can see but can’t hear
Most land snails have two set of tentacles, the upper one carry the eyes, while the lower one has the olfactory organs. However, they do not have ears or ear canal.
Read Also: Simple Analysis for Snail Farming
9) Snails are nocturnal
Snails are nocturnal animals, which means most of their activities take place at night.
Snails don’t like the sunlight, which is why you find them out more on cloudy days. If you keep them in an aquarium, make sure that there is not too much sunlight in the room, or the snails will stop eating and hide inside their shell.
10) Get your size
Snails length ranges from a few centimeters to 12 inches.
11) Snail Care
Snails will die if you put salt on them. Make sure they are not in contact with salt if you have one in captivity because their body can´t process it.
12) Very Hungry
The Giant African Land Snail is known to eat more than 500 different types of plants.
13) Small, not weak
Snails are strong and can lift up to 10 times their body weight in a vertical position.
14) Large family
There are at least 200,000 species of mollusks out there including snails, although only 50,000 are classified.
Therefore, let’s get into the business, let’s start snail farming now.
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