Friday, May 24, 2024
Crops

Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

European Eggplant botanically known as Solanum melongena is a hardly species that can be grown all year round in tropical areas. It needs good irrigation management and rigorous control of nitrogen fertilization (to make fruit setting easier) during the hot and rainy season. Hybrid eggplant can be pruned to keep two or three main stems.

Eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family, which includes tomatoes, peppers and potatoes, eggplant is thought to be a native of India where it grows wild as a perennial. Many of us are familiar with the most common eggplant variety, Solanum melongena, but there are a plethora of eggplant types available.

A variety of eggplant that is particularly prized in some regions, including the United States, is one with a large, cylindrical or egg-shaped fruit, with smooth, dark purple, glossy skin.

However, human creativity has resulted in a wide variety of cultivars, varying in tastes, shapes, sizes, and colors. Depending on the cultivar, the fruit can vary from small to large and pendulous, from oblong to round, and might be such colors as green, white, or yellow, among others, or even striated shades and color gradients.

Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

Before we proceed to the different varieties of European Eggplant we have, I want to briefly explain some diseases abbreviations/common names along with their Pathogen or causal agent as follows:

Abbreviation / Common namePathogen or Causal Agent
AnthracnoseColletotrichum lagenanum
Bacterial WiltRalstonia solanacearum
CMVCucumber Mosaic Virus
TMVTobacco Mosaic Virus

Now let us proceed to discuss some of the varieties of European Eggplant:

F1 KALENDA (INRA):

This is one of the best varieties of European eggplant for the tropical and subtropical areas. It is the solution to eggplant grower’s problem with regards to the disease known as “Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia) due to its resistance to Bacterial Wilt.

This hybrid eggplant can be grown during hot and humid season and it produces excellent result for the farmer. It also has a very attractive color as its glossy purplish black fruits correspond to the export market quality. Meanwhile F1 Kalenda (INRA) farmers should also know that during the rainy season nitrogen fertilizer must be reduced.

The maturity period of this variety of European eggplant occurs between 65-75days and the plant is a vigorous plant, it also has a long tapered shape and a black purple color.

The size is usually between 300grams-450grams measuring about 20×8-10cm with tolerances and resistance to Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Cucumber Mosaic Virus, Bacterial Wilt and Anthracnose. Finally it stays a long period of harvest and can also be cultured in open field.

Below is a breakdown of other different varieties of European eggplant, their maturity period (days), the unique characteristics of the plant, the shape of the fruit, the color of the fruit, the size of the fruit and its disease tolerance and resistance remarks

VarietyMaturity PlantFruitRemarks and tolerance/ resistances
 (days) ShapeColorSize 
OP 
Ravaya70/75Very vigorousOvalPurpleSmall (50-80g) = 5x6cmHardy / CMV
Black Beauty75/80VigorousLobulous Slight fruit fascinationDark purpleBig (300-400) = 13x15cmWidely adapted,

 

it can also be

cultured on both

shelter and open

field.
Zebrine75/80VigorousLon ovalStriped purple and whiteMedium

 

(250-300g) =

15-16cmx7-8cm
Very popular in the Caribbean area and Anthracnose/

 

Phomopsis vexans. It can be cultured in open field.

Florida market85/95LargeOvalPurpleBig (400 – 500g) =

16-18 x 10cm

Phomopsis vexans
Long purple70/75ErectedLongPurpleMedium

 

(200/300g)

= 20-25 x 6-7cm
The reference for long standard variety.
HYBRID F1 
F1 African Beauty70/75VigorousRegular globulous very slight fruit fasciationLossy black purpleBi (350-450) =14x15cmHigh yielding especially suited for tropical conditions, TMV / CMV
F1 Obala75/80Medium sizeOvalDark purpleMedium(300-400g) = 13x12cmTMV / CMV
F1 Adama70Medium sizeLong cylindricalBlack purpleMedium (250-

 

350g)=20-22x6cm

Anthracnose Phomopsis vexans, TMV / CMV
F1 Melina55-60  Deep purple18×9.5cm/400gCan be cultured in open field, CMV
Purple Tiger70-80  green with purple strips20.5x10cm/450gCan be cultured in open field, CMV, BW
        

As a crop farmer you should be aware of the seeds you need to plant and how they are being cultured as some seeds perform better when being cultivated under shelter while some perform better in the open field therefore I will suggest that aside from knowing the season for your crops, you should also be aware how and where to plant the seeds in order to achieve an optimum result from your effort. Remember that your seed and management practices determines the rate of your success in farming.

Read Also: The Ultimate Step-by-Step Guide to Vegetable Gardening

Read Also: Hydroponics Guide 101: All You Need to Know About it

Agric4Profits

Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with over 12 years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. Agric4Profits.com - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. WealthinWastes.com - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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