Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

European Eggplant is a hardly species that can be grown all year round in tropical areas. It needs good irrigation management and rigorous control of nitrogen fertilization (to make fruit setting easier) during the hot and rainy season. Hybrid eggplant can be pruned to keep two or three main stems.

Eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family, which includes tomatoes, peppers and potatoes, eggplant is thought to be a native of India where it grows wild as a perennial. Many of us are familiar with the most common eggplant variety, Solanum melongena, but there are a plethora of eggplant types available.

Botanical name: Solanum melongena

A variety of eggplant that is particularly prized in some regions, including the United States, is one with a large, cylindrical or egg-shaped fruit, with smooth, dark purple, glossy skin.

However, human creativity has resulted in a wide variety of cultivars, varying in tastes, shapes, sizes, and colors. Depending on the cultivar, the fruit can vary from small to large and pendulous, from oblong to round, and might be such colors as green, white, or yellow, among others, or even striated shades and color gradients.

Before we proceed to the different varieties of European Eggplant we have, I want to briefly explain some diseases abbreviations/common names along with their Pathogen or causal agent as follows:



Common name

Pathogen or Causal Agent
AnthracnoseColletotrichum lagenanum
Bacterial WiltRalstonia solanacearum
CMVCucumber Mosaic Virus
TMVTobacco Mosaic Virus

Now let us proceed to discuss some of the varieties of European Eggplant:


Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

This is one of the best varieties of European eggplant for the tropical and subtropical areas. It is the solution to eggplant grower’s problem with regards to the disease known as “Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia) due to its resistance to Bacterial Wilt.

This hybrid eggplant can be grown during hot and humid season and it produces excellent result for the farmer. It also has a very attractive color as its glossy purplish black fruits correspond to the export market quality. Meanwhile F1 Kalenda (INRA) farmers should also know that during the rainy season nitrogen fertilizer must be reduced.

The maturity period of this variety of European eggplant occurs between 65-75days and the plant is a vigorous plant, it also has a long tapered shape and a black purple color.

The size is usually between 300grams-450grams measuring about 20×8-10cm with tolerances and resistance to Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Cucumber Mosaic Virus, Bacterial Wilt and Anthracnose. Finally it stays a long period of harvest and can also be cultured in open field.

Below is a breakdown of other different varieties of European eggplant, their maturity period (days), the unique characteristics of the plant, the shape of the fruit, the color of the fruit, the size of the fruit and its disease tolerance and resistance remarks

VarietyMaturity PlantFruitRemarks and




 (days) ShapeColorSize 
Ravaya70/75Very vigorousOvalPurpleSmall(50-80g)



Hardy / CMV
Black Beauty75/80VigorousLobulous Slight


fruit fascination

Dark purpleBig(300-400)



Widely adapted,


it can also be

cultured on both

shelter and open


Zebrine75/80VigorousLon ovalStriped purple and whiteMedium




Very popular in the Caribbean area and Anthracnose/


Phomopsis vexans. It can be cultured in open field.

Florida market85/95LargeOvalPurpleBig(400-




Phomopsis vexans
Long purple70/75ErectedLongPurpleMedium




The reference for long standard variety.
F1 African Beauty70/75VigorousRegular globulous very slight fruit fasciationLossy black purpleBi(350-450)



High yielding especially suited for tropical conditions, TMV / CMV
F1 Obala75/80Medium sizeOvalDark purpleMedium(300-



F1 Adama70Medium sizeLong cylindricalBlack purpleMedium(250-



Anthracnose Phomopsis vexans, TMV / CMV
F1 Melina55-60  Deep purple18×9.5cm/400gCan be cultured in open field, CMV
Purple Tiger70-80  green with purple strips20.5x10cm/450gCan be cultured in open field, CMV, BW

Read Also: The Ultimate Step-by-Step Guide to Vegetable Gardening

Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics
Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics


Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

As a crop farmer you should be aware of the seeds you need to plant and how they are being cultured as some seeds perform better when being cultivated under shelter while some perform better in the open field therefore I will suggest that aside from knowing the season for your crops, you should also be aware how and where to plant the seeds in order to achieve an optimum result from your effort.

Remember that your seed and management practices determines the rate of your success in farming.

Read Also: Packaging Materials and Modified Atmosphere Packaging Films

Do you have any question, suggestion or other contributions? kindly use the comment box provided below for all your contributions. You are also encouraged to please kindly share this article with others you feel can benefit from this information if found useful enough as we may not be able to reach everyone at the same time. Thank you so much for sharing!

Have you visited our Market Place Today? Follow this link to visit Agric4profits.com Market Place now to check out our affordable products & services that might interest you and solve your current needs at a very cheap price.

Create a thread for all your related questions to get answers from other members and professionals in the field. Click here on the “Questions & Answers” Section to view or submit your Questions or Answers to previously asked related questions.

Benadine Nonye

An Agric. Consultant & a Writer. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education... Visit My Websites On: TheAgripedia.com - For Scientific Research Based Agricultural Knowledge and Innovations. Agric4profits.com - For Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Natural Health Benefits. WealthinWastes.com - For Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices. Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4ProfitsTV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *