Guide on Starting a Watermelon Farm

  1. Get Your Land Space

The first step to take is to find the land you will need for the cultivation in a location where the watermelon plants can get six to eight hours of sunlight each day because you also need a large expanse of land to successfully run your watermelon farm.


2. Source for Seedling

The next step to take is to source for healthy watermelon seedling. Farmers that already run their own watermelon farmers can supply you with healthy seedling to use on your own farm or you can as well purchase from different crop research institutes and retail shops.


3. Begin the Cultivation Process

The cultivation process in watermelon farming is quite complicated as you need to plant the seedlings in a specific way to give them better space to germinate.

When planting the watermelon seed, each hole for the watermelon seedling need to be 1 foot deep and over 1.5 feet wide (1foot deep and above 1feet wide).

Cover the hole with fertilizer, place the seed on the top and push with your finger till it gets to at least 0.5 foot deep. For the spacing, you should allow a space of 8 feet (8ft) between each plant to allow the vines enough space to spread out when the plant begins to grow. If possible, do the planting when the weather is hot, up to at least 70 degrees (70°c) hot, because watermelon functions better in hot weather.


4. Watering

For the first few weeks after planting, you need to water the watermelon generously twice in a week, then reduce the watering to just once every two weeks as soon as the vines start sprouting out. This is to help increase the sugar content in the watermelon fruit.

If a watermelon has a watery taste, that was because the farmer continued to water it consistently even after the vines started growing and didn’t give it the needed space to absolve sugar from the soil.


5. Weed Control

Since the watermelon plant is pest resistant, you need to focus more on getting rid of weeds on the farm; this can be done with herbicides.


6. Harvesting

This is the part everybody is waiting because harvesting means that the sales and money making period is around the corner. I mentioned somewhere on previous watermelon articles that it takes a watermelon plant 85 days to get to maturity.

Now the question is; how do you know that you watermelon is ready for harvest? Your watermelon is ready for harvest when the fruit looses it outer shiny appearance and also the when the part of the fruit that touches the ground changes into a rich yellow color.


7. Sales

After harvesting, the final step is transportation from the farm to the wholesaler, retailer or final consumption for sale. To successfully sell your watermelon produce, you have to know who your market is. The main market for your produce include: owner of fruit stores, grocery store owners, restaurants and hotels, pharmaceutical companies that need watermelon extracts as raw material for the production of supplements.

At this stage of the article, I believe to have covered various sub topics relating to watermelon farming including; reasons to start watermelon farming business, things you need to start the business and how to start the business.

Finally, since Watermelon is a fresh produce and you don’t expect it to stay fresh for a long time after it is harvested that is why you need to carry out a feasibility research in your location even before you start the farm to ensure that there is a ready market and high demand for your produce.

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