Garden egg farming business is one of the most profitable agribusinesses that you can venture into to ensure maximum revenue when properly managed.
Garden egg farming business is a business that involves the cultivating and marketing of garden eggs for profits. Garden eggs also referred to as eggplants are mainly grown for their leaves and fruits.
The garden egg fruits is a nice fruit that is rich in vitamins and good for health and they are often consumed fresh as well as boiled, steamed, pickled, or in stews along with other vegetables or meats, while young garden egg leaves are often used in preparing soups and with other vegetables.
Below is a complete step by step guide on how you can start your profitable garden egg business;
Steps To Start Garden Egg Business
1. Site Selection and Land Preparation
First clear the stump of debris and grasses and the best soil for this is sandy-loam. Mix the organic manure with soil as you prepare the farmland and ensure that there is loosening to in the process which will enable the roots to penetrate properly inside the soil.
It is highly recommended that you properly mix the organic manure before you plant the garden egg as this will help to promote yield.
You can decide to make use of a tractor especially for large scale garden eggs but ensure that the top soil does not displace entirely in the process.
Additionally, tilling of land should not be below 20cm and when planting, you can plant by raising up the bed and planting the garden egg seeds in a direct manner.
2. Planting your Garden Egg
It is recommended that you should plant the garden egg seeds in the afternoon or in the morning. Place 2 garden egg seeds to plant directly into the soil and then broadcast later.
Alternatively, you can choose to plant 2 seeds in a hole inside the nursery and then transfer them to the garden egg field when they germinate and are ready for transplant.
Note that the garden egg field where the young plants are to be transplanted to should not be too far from the nursery.
The garden egg seedlings to be transplanted should have at least 2-3 leaves and you can plant them on a space with dimensions of 90cm by 90cm. Give a space that is up to 60cm in between and also 90cm in between the ridges. during planting.
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3. Needed care for Garden Farming
After planting, note that garden eggs are climbers. Therefore, the Eggplant tends to fall over to a side once loaded with fruits.
This is why it is essential to Stake the plants immediately after transplanting (about 2-inch from the plant) to provide support for them and make plants stand upright.
4. Fertilizer application
For optimal growth and development of the garden egg on your farm, there is a need for quality fertilizer application. You can apply 400g of potassium nitrate on one hectare of land.
5. Mulching and weeding
It is of high necessity to apply mulch for healthy garden egg farming and to achieve a good result. This is done to curb unhealthy competition of weeds, with your garden egg crops for limited soil nutrients.
Mulching is the covering of topsoil to avoid weed growth and conserve soil moisture. Also, ensure you water your garden egg farm from time to time and apply fertilizer to boost garden egg growth.
Mulching helps in the conservation of soil moisture for your garden egg farm plantation. You can make use of grasses or straw to cover the surface of the soil.
This mulching prevents the growth of weeds and reduces impact of direct sunlight and rainfall on the garden egg seedlings.
You need to carry out proper weeding of the garden egg farm in order to allow good and proper development of the garden eggs. When applying herbicides, you need to be careful not to damage the garden eggs.
6. Pests and diseases
The most common diseases of garden eggs are fruit rot and bacteria wilt. There are many types of fungus diseases and the causes are water and wind.
A parasite with the name phytophthora have some effects on the garden egg and the control of the disease is through the removal of the plants.
It can happen through the spraying of the fungicides and for organic growers. You can utilize water or neem oil for the eradication of the diseases.
Check out the quality of the oil and the water to utilize. The planting of varieties that are resistant will enable their curbing and also improve quality.
Different categories of garden eggs are fruits borer, spider mutes, caterpillars, flea beetle and bugs. This can cause caterpillar larva to be inside of it and you can utilize some insecticides etc.
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7. Maturity Period
The fruiting and flowering period of garden egg happens between 6 and 8 weeks after transplanting and this will develop until about 2-3 months before full maturity.
Harvesting of garden egg can take place after 2-3 months, and this largely depends on the type of garden egg seed used for planting. The categories that are useful for commercial farming include black-beauty, long purple, baby aubergines and Florida market.
8. Harvesting of Garden Egg Fruits
Harvesting can begin after 65-70 days and this depends on the variety. You can harvest them early when they are reasonable going and this can be twice a week. The plant is ripe for harvesting when the skin becomes smooth and the size reaches marketable.
When the garden egg gets more mature it loses the smoothness and you can harvest more of the fruits. Harvesting proceed for a pretty good time off.
After the eggplant matures, hardening of the stem is next and you can then cut the egg. This cutting off can be with calyx and stalk for up to 4cm.
Ensure not to pull the garden egg with hand as this practice can result in damaging stems, therefore, take care to prevent damage through abrasions, puncturing and compression.
9. Marketing of Garden Egg
There is a high demand for garden egg fruits and leaves which makes the marketing of garden eggs readily available and this is because they are consumed all around the world due to their nutritional benefits You can sell wholesale to vegetable sellers in the market.
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