How to Choose a Snail Farming System

Basic Snail Farming Tools and Equipment’s

The type and dimensions ofyour snailery depend on the snail growing system you choose, and on thequantity of snails you intend to produce.

As far is housing is concerned, your snail farm could be extensive, semi-intensive, or intensive, in increasing order of complexity, management and financial inputs. Three options might be considered:

  1. Extensive system: outdoor, free-range snailpens.
  2. Mixed, or semi-intensive system: egg laying andhatching occur in a controlled environment; the young snails are then removedafter 6-8 weeks to outside pens for growing or fattening or both.
  3. Intensive: closed systems, for example plastictunnel houses, green-houses and buildings with controlled climate.

Note: the same options ofextensive, semi-intensive, or intensive apply to feed and feeding. Meanwhile, regardlessof the size and type of your snail farm, the housing system must meet thefollowing conditions. It must be:

  1. Escape-proof; snails are master-escapists andunless prevented from doing so they will quickly wander all over your (or your neighbor’s)garden or house.
  2. Spacious, in accordance with the growing stageof the snails (hatchlings, juveniles, breeding snails, or mature snailsfattened for consumption).

Snails suffer from overcrowding, which impedes their development and increases the risk of diseases.

How to Choose a Snail Farming System

Suitable rearing densitiesrange from > 100/m2 for hatchlings to 7-10/m2 for breeding snails.

  • Easily accessible and easy to work in or with,for handling the snails, placing feed, cleaning and other tasks.
  • Well-protected from insects, predators andpoachers.

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