A list of edible snail species of African origin is provided below. Europe and North America have over 20 edible species, of which the most popular are petit-gris or the small grey snail, Helix aspersa, the Burgundy snail, H. pomatia, and escargot turc or the snail of Turkey, H. lucorum.
Snail meat of these species is known as ‘escargot’ in France; snail meat of GALS is sometimes exported from Africa and sold as ‘escargot achatine’.
The most popular edible snails in West Africa are the giant snail, Achatina achatina, and the big black, Archachatina marginata. Local names are given in the list below. Most studies on snails in West Africa have concentrated on these two species and on the garden snail, Achatina fulica. In Ghana Achatina achatina is considered the most prized species for eating, followed by Archachatina marginata and then Achatina fulica.
Edible snail species of African origin Achatina achatina. Common name: giant snail, tiger snail (Ghana) Local names (corresponding language within parentheses): Gambia: honuldu, Sierra Leone: konk, Liberia: dain (Nano), drainn (Gio). Ghana: abobo (Ewe), elonkoe (Nzima), krekete (Hausa), nwapa (Akan), wa (Ga), weJle (Dagarti), Nigeria: katantawa (Hausa), ilako, isan (Yoruba), East Africa: konokono (Swahili)
Achatina fulica. Common name: garden snail, foolish snail (sometimes also called the giant African snail), Ghana: nwa (Akan), Northern tribes of Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Nigeria: kreteke. Nigeria: eesan or ipere (Yoruba) , Kenya: ekhumuniu (Luhya), kamniyo (Luo), East Africa: konokono (Swahili)