Sunday, July 14, 2024
General Agriculture

The Life-Span of Farm Animals

This implies how long farm animals can live before they die naturally. Well, being food animals, it is difficult to predict this because almost all of the time they are not allowed to reach its full age before they are being slaughtered. Therefore, knowing their life span may be difficult.

However, I have seen some farm animals like Sheep and Goat of five years and Cattle of fifteen years before.

The Life Expectancy of Farm Animals

What is the relationship between the size of an animal and how long it lives? This interesting topic raises lots of questions, many quite pertinent to our modern lives. It begs for a bit of mathematical scaffolding.

How old would a cow, a pig or a hen live to be if they were not slaughtered?

Surprisingly, it is not an easy task to find out the average natural life expectancy of so-called livestock. Neither farming textbooks nor expert journals make this information readily available.

This is particularly sad because it shows that the actual life expectancy of these animals is of no significance to the farming industry. The ideal age for slaughter, on the other hand, is easily found in many textbooks and agricultural fact sheets. 

In fact, the severe genetic manipulations that have been made to today’s farm animal breeds, particularly those raised for meat, make it difficult for them to survive past “slaughter age” because their limbs and organs can’t handle the strain of their over enlarged bodies.

Comparing the average length of their lives as farm animals with their potential maximum life expectancy reveals a huge discrepancy. The potential life expectancy of all species of farm animals is several times higher than the age at which they are slaughtered.  

Read Also: Livestock Farming: Best Route of Drug Administration for Ruminants

Below are pictures of different animals and their life-span to assist you understand better:

The Life-Span of Farm Animals

Life-Spans of some Farm Animals

Animal Average Life Span of Animal (in years)
African Grey Parrot 50
Amazon Parrot 80
Angleworm 15
Ant (Queen) 3
Ant (Worker) 1.5
Asian elephant 40
Cockatoo 40
Bat 24
Bear 40
Beaver 20
Bison 30
Blackbird 18
Boa Constrictor 23
Bottlenose Dolphin 20
Box Turtle 123
Bull 28
Bull Snake 18
Canada Goose 33
Carp 100
Cat 25
Catfish 60
Chicken 15
Chimpanzee 40
North American Cicada 13-17
Cow 22
Crocodile 45
Deer 35
Dog 22
Eagle 55
Elephant 70
Elk 22
English Sparrow 23
Fence Lizard 4
Ferret 12
Fox 14
Galapagos Land Tortoise 193
Giant Tortoise 152
Goat 15
Golden Hamster 4
Gorilla 20
Great Horned Owl 68
Green Frog 10
Hog 18
Horse 40
Human 70-80
Humming Bird 8
Kangaroo 9
Koala 8
Lion 35
Lobster 15
Macaw 50
Mountain Lion 20
Mouse 4
Newt 7
Opossum 4
Parrot 80
Polar bear 20
Porcupine 20
Quail 6
Rhinoceros 40
Salamander 11
Sea Lion 14
Tasmanian Tiger 7
Wombat 15
Wolf 18

Farm Animals live longer?

The Life-Span of Farm Animals

It has been well known for a long time that larger species tend, on average, to live longer. However there are also some anomalies—often birds, fish or tortoises. Let’s have a look at some data.

The average farm animal lives only for a certain number of years. Do you know which ones? Knowing how long goats live or how long pigs and chickens live on average is important to know before investing in them.

As a homesteader, investing in your homestead, growing your farm by raising poultry is one of the best you can make. Anyone that is self-sufficient, will be raising their own animals for food.

Cattle, hogs and poultry are all raised in confinement-production facilities, and on a vast scale. While aspects of their lifecycles are the same, in an industrial system their considerably different sizes and physical needs require each group of animals to fit into confinement-based production processes differently.

The smaller the animal, the more easily it is raised within an industrial model; for this reason, chickens spend their entire lives in confinement, while beef cattle spend much of their lives outdoors on pasture before being consigned to a feedlot.

For animals who go through several stages of production, opportunities exist for more or less humane treatment at various points in the production process; and each stage has implications for the livelihoods of farmers and workers.

Animals raised entirely on pasture require more land, labor and time to grow to market weight. As a result, meat and dairy products from animals raised with higher standards for the animal’s welfare and for the environment are more expensive.

Generally, the cost differential is in inverse proportion to the animals’ size: pastured beef tends to be about twice as expensive as industrially-raised, while pastured chicken can cost four to six times as much as industrially-raised.

Read Also: Complete List of Crops Introduced into Africa


Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with several years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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