When we talk about Poultry farming, it literally means the rearing of different types of poultry birds such as duck rearing, rearing chicken, quails, turkey, emu, broiler, etc. However, the principles and practices underlying are the same.
Meanwhile after beef, the meat consumed during parties, ceremonies and festive periods in Nigeria and other major parts of the world is poultry meat.
Although cattle meat and poultry meat are on the competitive line, as poultry meat occupies the first position during festive periods, especially during Christmas, Easter and other special periods.
Even researchers recommend theconsumption of white meat, which happened to be a class of meat thatpoultry meat belongs to.
Furthermore, it has been discoveredthat red meat (beef, chevon, mutton, etc.) are not good for humanhealth due to the presence of cholesterol (causes cardiovasculardiseases and increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease) in them. So,the alternatives available are fish and poultry meat consumption.
With all these being said, nowimagine the massive increase in the consumption of poultry meat andeggs, what did you foresee? I foresee a means of making a lot ofmoney from raising chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, and quails.
These obviously ensures the channel for both existing and aspiring poultry farmers to make money.
Read Also: How to Make Money in Poultry Farming
For you as a poultry farmer to besuccessful in your poultry farming business, here are the five basicsteps you need to follow to start a profitable poultry farmingbusiness within your location.
Step 1 –Choose The Type Of Poultry Bird To Raise
Before you kickstart your poultry farming business venture, it is important to have a clear picture of what type of poultry breeds to farm (most importantly, poultry breeds that lay a lot of eggs). In Nigeria today, aside from locally grown chickens, there are two major breeds that are common among poultry farmers.
Broilers:Young males and Females raised for meat. They grow from a hatchweight of 40g to a weight of approximately 1.5 to 2kg within 6weeksonly.
Layers:Hens used for commercial egg production and then killed for meat.Layer chickens are raised from one day old. They start laying eggs atthe age of 18-19weeks and continue until they are 72-78weeks of age.
Cockerels:Just like the broilers, cockerels are also for meat production andhave a special market demand but then, its growth is very slow,unlike the broilers that grow very fast. Cockerels can survive inmany environments.
Step 2 –Select A Suitable Farm Location / Site
Whereyour poultry farm is situated is very important for your business. Tostart poultry, you need a farm site. The size of the poultry farmlandshould be determined by the number of birds you want to rear.
If youhave enough land at your backyard and can’t afford to acquire a newsite, its always better to start small. You can start with what youhave but make it a priority to get a better farm as soon as you canafford it.
A good poultry farm site should beaway from the chaos and hustle-bustle of the city. It should be calmand pollution free environment. The farm must have adequate, cleanand fresh drinking water sources nearby.
Also, the site must be free of poultry enemies and predators like foxes and leopards. The site must be easily accessible from main roads so as to ease the transportation of farm products when they are ready for sale.
Step 3 –Provide Good Housing and Shelter For The Birds
When it comes to poultry farming, housing is the next important factor after getting a farm site. A proper poultry housing is necessary for the protection and survival of your commercial poultry birds.
The Housing system you choosetotally depends on the poultry breeds and farming method. Housingdesign varies in accordance with various types of poultry raisingmethods.
The housing to be built should bespacious enough to permit free movement and running of the birds.shelters must be raised adequately to prevent the risk of flooding.
It should be spacious enough topermit free movement and running of the birds. In addition, theshelter must be adequately ventilated and protected from sunlight.
Step 4 – Feeding and Medication of The Poultry Birds
For commercial poultry production,good quality, highly nutritious food is a must. Quality and neatfeeds keep the bird healthy always and very productive. The feed mustbe kept clean and dry always, as contaminated feed can infectpoultry.
Fresh quality and nutritious foodis the key to success in poultry farming business. Your birds neednot lack water. Lack of adequate water supply can impede theirgrowth.
Proper medication and vaccinationcan prevent many poultry diseases. As a commercial poultry farmer,you need to have a veterinary doctor that can come run a check onyour birds when the need arises.
There are various routine medications and vaccinations that help towards the healthiness of your poultry birds to keep them safe from viruses and bacterial infections, peradventure they catch an infectious disease.
Step 5 –Marketing and Sales of the Poultry Birds
Poultry farming is a profitable business and the desire of every poultry farmer is to make good sales after every harvest. So you need to pay attention to the marketing and sales aspect of your business.
Do not be caught up in the operational aspect of your business so much that you ignore the sales aspect.
Nevertheless,the following ideas can help you in the marketing and sales of yourchicken; taking your business online, selling to hotels andrestaurants, advertising your products, employing marketers, homedelivery, etc.