Uses of Pig Meat and Pig Marketing

Pig meats are marketed in the form of:

Fresh meat – This is the most important product in the tropics in general, as processing facilities are limited.

Pigs destined for the fresh meat trade are usually slaughtered at younger ages and at lower weights (porkers) than those used for processing.

If sold in the commercial markets, the carcass can be butchered into a number of wholesale cuts which can be cooked and eaten in a number of different ways.

Cured products – These include the various kinds of bacon and hams which are curd in brine and can also be flavored by hanging in smoke to increase the shelf life of the product compared with fresh meat. Bacon and ham are derived from the baconer category of pig, which is heavier than porker.

Read Also: List of Animal Feed Raw-Materials and their Uses

Other processed products- Included in this category are all the various types of sausages, pies, luncheon, meats, hamburgers, and mat pastes.

These tend to be produced from the lower value of the porker and baconer carcasses, or mature sows and boars.

Lard (pig fat) – This is sold as a separate product for human feed, animal feed, or soap production.

Pig skin – Pig skin can be made into valuable leather.

Bristles – These can be used for brushes and are in special demand for shaving and paint brushes.

Intestines – Are used for sausage casings.

Offals – These are all edible ad the liver in particular is a delicacy.

Blood – This is collected separately and processed into sausages and other delicacies for those who consumed it.

Slaughterhouse by-products – Bones, blood, and inedible meat tissue are converted into animal feeds.

Hoofs – These are used for gelatin and glue products.

Read Also: Business Opportunities in Pig Farming Around the World

In conclusion, the final phase of pig production is the sale and disposal of the end product. The pig is extremely versatile in terms of the number of products that can be derived from pig meat.

The stress of transporting pigs to the slaughterhouse can result in pigs dying in transit, dying in lairage at the slaughterhouse, or reducing meat quality in the carcass.

Measures taken to minimize stress transit include: Ensuring that the loading ramp is properly designed with solid walls and is at the correct height for the cart, truck, or trailer, the pigs must be handled quietly and gently at all times.

While inside the lairage, it is important to pen the pigs waiting to be slaughtered under shade and in small groups and sprayed with water, and feed only if there are long delays before slaughter.

Immediately after stunning the animal should be suspended by its hind legs, and the blood vessels of the neck completely severed to ensure thorough and complete bleeding.

By immersing the carcass in water at 65 to 75ºC, the hair is loose and can be removed by scraping. Any excess hair can be burnt off by a flame.

The main systems of marketing pigs are Private sales, Public sales, direct sales to an abattoir or butcher, and Contact sales.

Pig meat is marketed in the form of Fresh meat, Cured products, and other processed products- Included in this category are all the various types of sausages, pies, luncheon, meats, hamburgers, and mat pastes.

These tend to be produced from the lower value of the porker and beckoner carcasses, or mature sows and boars. Lard (pig fat), Pig skin, Bristles, Intestines, Offal, Blood, Slaughterhouse by-products, Hoofs.

Read Also: Pig Production Systems (System of Pig Production)

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Benadine Nonye

An Agric. Consultant & a Writer (With over 12 years of professional experience in the agricultural industry) - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education... Visit My Websites On: - It's All About Agriculture, The Way Forward! - The Most Reliable Global Agricultural Forum! - The Most Reliable Nigeria's Agricultural Job Board! - For Everything Premium Agriculture! - For Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices. Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4ProfitsTV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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