The Marketing of the Fruit and Seeds of Ogbonno (Irvingia Gabonensis)

There is a considerable amount of information on the markets for Irvingia gabonensis in southern Nigeria. In some areas there is such high demand for this product that it has become a luxury item. Its major market is in rural southern Nigeria. Marketing of Irvingia sp. involves producers (principally men), processors (principally women), and wholesale and retail traders (generally women). The Department of Forest Resource Management (1986) notes that market prices are usually controlled by wholesale traders, but that for distant markets retail traders have greater control over prices. Households…

Read More

Feeding Tips for Rabbits

What to Feed Rabbits

Rabbits are small mammals found in several parts of the world. Rabbits are herbivores which efficiently convert fodder to food. The different breeds of modern domestic rabbit have evolved as far back as the 18th century. In early 1960, united state department of Agriculture (USDA) was involved in introducing more rabbit to western states of Nigeria. Rabbit can be quickly grown and are a cheap source of protein. They can be reared for consumption or commercial undertaking. Rabbits that are on forage feeding reach table weight around 6-7 months of…

Read More

The Production and Marketing of Bush-Meat

Bush-meat is valued throughout the West African region as a source of cash income and food. Wild animals are hunted for the consumer market by professional hunters (full-time), agriculturalists (part-time) and pygmies. In areas with access to urban markets, bush-meat is now often sold rather than being consumed. Hunting and gathering of bush-meat often complement seasonal requirements for agricultural labour. Hunting for bush-meat is a predominantly male activity. However, the collection of bush-meat such as snails and insects is carried out by both men and women. Women are generally responsible…

Read More

Cutworms: How to Identify and Get Rid of Cutworms


Cutworms is the name used for the larvae of a number of species of adult moths. Eggs that hatch in the fall can produce larvae capable of overwintering in the soil or a woodpile. They do the most damage early in the gardening season, when they emerge from hibernation. Cutworms are caterpillars, but they are often mistaken for the grubs of beetles such as Japanese beetles (which are damaging in their own right). How to Identify Cutworms They are common on a wide variety of vegetables and any fresh seedlings.…

Read More

Systems of Crop Production

Under the growing of crops, there are different systems of crop production by which crops can be cultivated which are usually practiced by farmers, Systems of crop production or Cropping systems vary among farms depending on the available resources and constraints; geography and climate of the farm; government policy; economic, social and political pressures; and the philosophy and culture of the farmer. Important categories of crops include cereals and pseudo-cereals, pulses (legumes), forage, and fruits and vegetables. Specific crops are cultivated in distinct growing regions throughout the world. The most…

Read More

Ugu Vegetable (Telfairia occidentalis) Production Guide

Ugu Vegetable (Telfairia occidentalis)

Ugu Vegetable (Telfairia occidentalis) is a tropical vine grown in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its edible seeds. Common names for the plant include fluted gourd, fluted pumpkin, ugu (in the Igbo language), and ikong-ubong (in the Efik and Ibibio languages). Telfairia occidentalis is a member of the family Cucurbitaceae and is indigenous to southern Nigeria. The fluted gourd grows in many nations of West Africa, but is mainly cultivated in Igboland and Calabarland and it is used primarily in soups and herbal medicines. Although the fruit…

Read More

Eating fish may reduce arthritis symptoms

In a recent study, individuals with rheumatoid arthritis who consumed fish? 2 times/week had lower disease activity (swollen/tender joint counts along with other assessments) than those who ate fish never to <1/month. There was also a graded association, so that increasing servings of fish were linked with incrementally lower levels of disease activity. In the study of 176 patients, frequency of fish consumption was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire assessing usual diet in the past year. Read Also: Introduction to Fish Farming “If our finding holds up in other…

Read More

Plants call “911” to help their neighbors

Plants call "911" to help their neighbors

In studies of Arabidopsis thaliana, also known as mustard weed, a team of researchers at the University of Delaware found that when a plant has its leaf nicked, it plant sends out an emergency alert to neighboring plants, which begin beefing up their defenses. Credit: Illustration by Jeff Chase/ University of Delaware When Harsh Bais, a botanist at the University of Delaware, emailed Connor Sweeney to tell the high school student he would be willing to mentor him on a research project, Sweeney, a competitive swimmer, was so ecstatic he…

Read More

How six cups of ground coffee can improve nose, throat surgery


The granular-jamming cap, left, compared to the current elastic headband that allows the computer to track the position of a patient’s head during endonasal surgery. Credit: Joe Howell, Vanderbilt University Imagine plopping six cups of coffee grounds on the heads of patients just before they are wheeled into the operating room to have nose or throat surgery. In essence, that is what a team of Vanderbilt University engineers are proposing in an effort to improve the reliability of the sophisticated “GPS” system that surgeons use for these delicate operations. They…

Read More

Squirrels have long memory for problem solving


Squirrels can remember problem-solving techniques for long periods and can apply them to new situations, researchers have discovered. University of Exeter scientists found grey squirrels quickly remembered how to solve a problem they had not seen for almost two years. The squirrels also quickly worked out how to use those skills in a redesigned version of the test.  “This might be why grey squirrels can survive very well in towns and cities,” said Dr Pizza Ka Yee Chow, of Exeter’s Centre for Research in Animal Behaviour. “For example, they’re very…

Read More